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March 4, 2002

United States
The ’Axis of Evil’: Warren Bass

On January 29 in his first State of the Union address, President Bush described Iran, Iraq and North Korea as an “axis of evil” that needed to be targeted by the United States, drawing criticism from…

November 1, 2002

North Korea
No Crisis with North Korea, Says Council’s Independent Task Force Co-Chairman Morton Abramowitz

Morton Abramowitz, who is co-chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations Independent Task Force on Korea, says that despite North Korea’s disclosure that it has a secret nuclear weapons program, “we…

February 13, 2003

North Korea
Winston Lord Urges U.S. Partners to Help Pressure North Korea, Says South Korea’s Approach Endangers Alliance

Winston Lord, assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs in the Clinton administration, says the “very serious crisis” over North Korea’s nuclear ambitions cannot…

February 24, 2003

Turkey
Former Envoy Abramowitz Says Turkey Will Receive $6 Billion in Aid and Billions in Loans

Morton I. Abramowitz, U.S. Ambassador to Turkey during the 1990-91 Gulf War, says that the Bush administration has worked out a deal with Turkey that will allow some 60,000 U.S. troops to invade Ira…

March 10, 2003

North Korea
Former Envoy to South Korea Urges Direct U.S.-North Korea Talks

Donald Gregg, U.S. ambassador to South Korea in the first Bush administration, says the situation with North Korea is “quite dangerous” and that immediate direct talks between Washington a…

April 18, 2003

Iraq
Holbrooke Says U.S. Must Prepare for Long Stay in Iraq; Calls on Bush to Make Major Effort to Repair Ties with France

Richard C. Holbrooke, U.S. ambassador to the United Nations in President Clinton’s second term, warns that disorder, anti-Americanism, and disunity in Iraq will require a very long American com…

May 6, 2003

India
Former N.Y. Times Correspondent in South Asia Says Indian Prime Minister Hoping to Resolve Kashmir Dispute Before Term Ends

Celia W. Dugger, a former co-bureau chief for The New York Times in South Asia, says that Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s surprise move to ease tensions with Pakistan— like India, a nucl…

October 2, 2003

Europe
Asmus: U.S.-NATO Gap Over Iraq Narrows Slightly

Ronald D. Asmus, a former deputy assistant secretary of state for European affairs in the Clinton administration and an expert on NATO, says that an “important first step” toward healing t…

October 9, 2003

Turkey
Former Envoy Abramowitz: Turkey’s Decision to Deploy Peacekeepers a ’Big Advance’

Morton I. Abramowitz, the U.S. ambassador to Turkey during the 1990-1991 Persian Gulf War, says the decision by the Turkish government and parliament to send peacekeeping troops to Iraq is a “big adv…

October 16, 2003

Afghanistan
Winston Lord: Making Up For a ’Lost Year’ in Afghanistan

Winston Lord, assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific Affairs in the Clinton administration, reports that on a recent trip to Afghanistan he found that “huge problems” rema…