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January 14, 2020

World Trade Organization (WTO)
A Reset of the World Trade Organization's Appellate Body

The Trump administration has destroyed the World Trade Organization’s Appellate Body, much to the dismay of those needing the certainty of a rules-based trading system. Three reforms could get it bac…

The WTO sign on a building against a stormy sky

December 9, 2013

Development
Banking on Growth: U.S. Support for Small and Medium Enterprises in Least-Developed Countries

The United States has made economic development a central tenet of its national security policy, alongside defense and diplomacy. One of the best and most cost-effective avenues for furthering econom…

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February 3, 2011

Monetary Policy
Managing the World's Dollar Dependency

Introduction The global financial crisis has exposed a weakness in the international monetary (non-)system. Desired levels of currency reserves in emerging markets have jumped over the past decade…

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May 14, 2012

Pharmaceuticals and Vaccines
Ensuring the Safety and Integrity of the World’s Drug, Vaccine, and Medicines Supply

The world is facing two immediate health crises concerning drugs and vaccines: affordable and reliable access to life-sparing medicines and the safety and reliability of those medicines. Regulation a…

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August 7, 2019

Women and Economic Growth
Investing in Girls’ STEM Education in Developing Countries

The education gender gap costs the world between $15 trillion and $30 trillion in human capital. U.S. aid programs need to equip girls and women to participate in the modern digital economy.

Students at a government school work on individual laptops, in Ahmedabad, India, on July 26, 2018.

February 28, 2019

Palestinian Territories
Rethinking U.S. Policy Toward the Palestinians

Trump’s new approach to the Palestinians will do more harm than good. The United States cannot solve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, but it can and should avoid making it worse.

Palestinians take part in the Great March of Return demonstration in the Shuja’iyya neighborhood of Gaza City, Gaza on February 22, 2019.

June 17, 2019

International Finance
Make the Foreign Exchange Report Great Again

The U.S. Department of the Treasury should transform its foreign currency report so it can be used as a tool to combat currency manipulation. This would be an important step toward a more balanced global economy with fewer persistent deficits and surpluses.

A man passes by a currency exchange shop in Hong Kong, on May 29, 2019.

August 11, 2014

Fossil Fuels
How to Make Fuel Subsidy Reform Succeed

Each year, governments around the world spend more than half a trillion dollars on fuel subsidies, crowding out productive investment in poverty alleviation and growth. CFR Senior Fellow Isobel Coleman proposes establishing a private-public partnership to help governments build the case for subsidy reform directly with citizens.

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October 27, 2014

Europe
A Paris Club for Europe

Europe's strategy for solving its debt woes has the problem exactly backwards. A gaping hole in Europe's policy response to date is its unwillingness to reduce excessive levels of corporate, bank, an…

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April 26, 2012

Development
Beating the Resource Curse: Global Governance Strategies for Democracy and Economic Development

Abundant reserves of minerals and petroleum often precipitate a resource curse in countries with weak governance institutions: fostering political corruption, eroding democratic accountability, incit…

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