How much reliance should be placed on the major international human rights NGOs? Can they be trusted to work without bias? How are they governed?
These are subjects I discussed recently in a short paper done for the Council on Foreign Relations’ Diamonstein-Spielvogel Project on the Future of Democracy. It is entitled Human Rights NGOs: "Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?" and can be found here. The paper pays special attention to the two largest human rights NGOs (by far), Human Rights Watch (HRW) and Amnesty International.
An example of the bias that can be found in the field is presented by the Palestinian journalist Khaled Abu Toameh and called “Palestinians: The House Demolitions and Land-Grabs No One Talks About.”
Abu Toameh is writing about human rights violations against Bedouins—the sort of thing that arouses widespread criticism when the allegations are against Israel, and has for years. In 2008, Human Rights Watch did a 130-page report on this subject, calling on Israel to end all home demolitions. A cursory Google search shows repeated Amnesty and HRW reports on the subject.
Here are Abu Toameh’s opening paragraphs:
While the international community and media continue to condemn Israel day in and day out about a host of grievances, including the demolition of houses built without proper permits, no one seems to be interested in the ongoing human rights violations against Palestinians by the Palestinian Islamist group Hamas.
The United Nations and many foreign journalists are so obsessed with Israel that they have paid no attention to the latest crime committed by Hamas against residents of the Bedouin village of Umm al-Nasr in the northern Gaza Strip. The village was established nearly 80 years ago, long before Hamas was founded in 1988.
On June 9, hundreds of Hamas security officers raided the village to destroy several houses, as part of the terror group's attempt to evict the residents from the area. Hamas claims that the village was illegally built on "state-owned" land.
Abu Toameh’s story is a good reminder of the problems about which I was writing in Human Rights NGOs: "Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?” The disproportional attention HRW and Amnesty pay to Israel, and the double standards they apply, are worthy of serious concern and of fair and independent examination. So are the wider issues about the governance and impact of the largest international human rights NGOs, as I discussed in my short paper on them.