The government of Sierra Leone and the United Nations agree to establish the Special Court for Sierra Leone to try those most responsible for crimes against humanity committed in the territory during the country's civil war. Between 2002 and 2012, twenty-one people are indicted for war crimes, including murder, rape, enslavement, extermination, and attacks against UN peacekeepers. The most famous defendant is Liberia's former president, Charles Taylor, who is turned over to the court in 2006 on charges that he directed the rebel forces that committed many of the atrocities in Sierra Leone, including forced amputations. The Special Court finds Taylor guilty of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and serious violations of international humanitarian law during Sierra Leone's civil war, making Taylor the first former head of state to be convicted by an international tribunal. In May 2012, the Special Court sentences Taylor to fifty years in prison.