The U.S. Rebalance and the Seoul Process

How to Align U.S. and ROK Visions for Cooperation in East Asia

January 08, 2015

Report

More on:

South Korea

Politics and Government

Asia

Overview

In the spring of 2013, South Korean President Park Geun-hye proposed the Northeast Asia Peace and Cooperation Initiative (NAPCI), a forum for institutionalized cooperation that the region currently lacks. Park identifies three main challenges that must be addressed to resolve the tensions in Northeast Asia: the possibility of an arms race or rising political competition between China and the United States, the failure of Japan to definitively address historical issues tied to its past aggression within Asia, and the failure to establish a stable inter-Korean relationship.

Through NAPCI, South Korea aims to define its nascent leadership role within East Asia, even as it acts in concert with the United States to reinforce shared objectives such as nonproliferation and promotion of maritime dispute management mechanisms—goals central to the U.S. rebalancing effort. Likewise, participation in NAPCI provides the United States with an important new regional platform that is exclusively dedicated to subregional cooperation on these issues.

More on:

South Korea

Politics and Government

Asia

Explore More on CFR

Russia

A quarter-century after the end of the Cold War, we unexpectedly find ourselves in a second one. The United States and its partners have a large stake in greater Russian restraint while Vladimir Putin remains in power—and in a Russia characterized by other than Putinism after he is gone.

China

Food and Water Security

A historic dry spell has severely affected Cape Town's water supply, and global climate patterns suggest that other cities may face the same fate.