APT 41
This threat actor has, since 2014, conducted operations backed by the Chinese government, including targeting the health-care and high-tech sectors and conducting espionage against political dissidents. It has simultaneously conducted its own for-profit illicit activity in the video games industry, amassing millions of dollars in digital currency to be sold to gamers on the black market. The threat actor operates outside of state control but is linked to other Chinese APT malware actors and tools on a part-time or contractual basis, or is a full-time, state-sponsored APT actor that simultaneously conducts nonstate campaigns for supplemental income. This threat actor is a notable example of the blurring lines between state-sponsored and commercial cyber criminals.
Suspected victims
  • United States
  • Singapore
  • France
  • United Kingdom
  • Japan
  • Hong Kong
Suspected state sponsor
  • China
Type of incident
  • Espionage
Target category
  • Government
  • Private sector