Understanding the levels of conflict—strategy, operations, and tactics—can help policymakers mitigate the effectiveness of a disinformation campaign. Russia's operation against the 2016 U.S. election is a case in point.
The March on Justice, organized by opposition leader Kemal Kilicdaroglu, puts Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in a bind: He can try to stop it, risking violence, or he can let it go on and watch the already large procession of opposition grow.
CFR's Stephen Sestanovich, James M. Lindsay, and Robert McMahon preview U.S. President Donald J. Trump's meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Hamburg, Germany.
Zenko is joined by Steven A. Cook, CFR's Eni Enrico Mattei senior fellow for Middle East and Africa studies. They discuss Cook's latest book, False Dawn: Protest, Democracy, and Violence in the New Middle East, and U.S. policy in the Middle East and North Africa.