- Believed to be the work of the Iranian government. Also known as Holy Souls and Neptunium.
An Iranian company hired by the Iranian government to interfere in U.S. elections. Emennet Pasargad has attacked voting-related websites and news outlets and distributed misinformation designed to undermine confidence in the U.S. electoral system.
- Organizations related to the U.S. electoral process and news outlets.
Suspected state sponsor
- Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Type of incident
- Civil society