Date of report
  • February 2022
ModifiedElephant is a threat actor that has targeted activists, human rights defenders, journalists, academics, and law professionals in India for at least the past ten years. It primarily targets victims with remote access Trojans delivered through spear-phishing emails containing malicious file attachments. ModifiedElephant planted incriminating digital evidence used by Indian authorities to convict at least one activist of terrorism. 
Suspected victims
  • Indian human rights activists, human rights defenders, academics, and lawyers
Suspected state sponsor
  • India
Type of incident
  • Espionage
Target category
  • Civil society
Victim government reaction
  • Unknown