Pioneer Kitten
  • Also known as Parasite, UNC757, and Fox Kitten.
Responsible for gathering sensitive and private information relevant to Iran. In addition to stalking Iranian expats and dissidents, Pioneer Kitten has targeted North American and Israeli technology, government, defense, and healthcare organizations. Pioneer Kitten is unlikely to be an official part of the Iranian government, and is more likely contracted to act on its behalf.
Suspected victims
  • Iranian expats and dissidents
  • North American and Israeli organizations
Suspected state sponsor
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Type of incident
  • Espionage
Target category
  • Civil society
  • Private sector
  • Government