Targeting of opposition politicians and religious leaders in Togo
Date of report
  • September 2020
  • Believed to be the work of Togolese security forces. 
Hackers used spyware, developed by Israeli technology firm NSO Group, that exploited a vulnerability in the messaging app WhatsApp to inject spyware onto the phones of opposition politicians and prominent religious leaders in Togo. The hack coincided with pro-reform protests in the country.
Suspected victims
  • Togolese opposition politicians
  • Togolese religious leaders
Suspected state sponsor
  • Togo
Type of incident
  • Espionage
Target category
  • Civil society