Targeting of vaccine researchers with spear-phishing emails
Date of report
  • November 2020
The North Korean threat group Cerium masqueraded as World Health Organization representatives in spear-phishing emails to victims.
Suspected victims
  • Pharmaceutical companies and vaccine researchers in the United States, Canada, France, India, and South Korea
Suspected state sponsor
  • Korea (Democratic People's Republic of)
Type of incident
  • Espionage
Target category
  • Private sector
Victim government reaction
  • Unknown