Targeting of Western entities involved in COVID-19 vaccine development
Date of report
  • July 2020
  • Guangdong State Security Department (GSSD) of China‚Äôs Ministry of State Security (MSS)
Hackers conducted a combination of financially motivated and espionage-driven hacking operations against hundreds of companies, organizations, and research firms based in the United States and other countries, stealing terabytes of information.
Suspected victims
  • Private Companies
  • Individual Dissidents
  • Governments
  • Clergy
  • Nongovernmental Organizations
  • Democratic and Human Rights Activists
Suspected state sponsor
  • China
Type of incident
  • Espionage
Target category
  • Private sector
  • Government
  • Civil society
Policy response