Targeting of Iranian expats and dissidents
Date of report
  • September 2020
Iranian hackers stole personal documents and two-factor authentication codes from SMS messages, recorded phones’ surroundings, and used Telegram phishing accounts to target Iranian expats and dissidents.
Suspected victims
  • Iranian expats and dissidents
Suspected state sponsor
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Type of incident
  • Espionage
Target category
  • Civil society