Women have had few opportunities to formally participate in Sudan’s negotiations. Despite women’s integral role in Sudan’s 2018 political protests, they were mostly excluded from official negotiations during the transition process, with only one woman participating in the delegations. In 2020, they represented around 10 percent of negotiators for the Juba Agreement. Women represented two of eleven founding members (18 percent) of the Sovereignty Council of Sudan, the interim government formed in 2019 during Sudan’s three-year transition period.
For the 2018 process, women represented only 15 percent of negotiators in the Two Areas peace talks and were not represented at all on the Darfur track. All mediators for the 2018 and 2020 processes were men, although these efforts were never fully realized after the military launched a coup in 2021. Hundreds of women have participated in UN-led workshops aimed at resolving contentious issues and building support for a new process focused on transitioning the country to civilian democracy.
Sudanese female civil society leaders have worked together to relay community priorities to negotiators, provide information relevant to negotiation positions, and broaden the agenda to include issues that will help with recovery. To address intercommunal violence in Darfur, women’s groups have mediated peace treaties between tribes, nomads and farmers, and displaced and host communities. They have also called for accountability for sexual violence crimes, which are widespread across Sudan’s conflicts, and justice for those wounded or killed during protests calling for democracy.