Peace Processes Case Studies
This qualitative analysis documents how women participate in peace processes—whether in official negotiating roles or through grassroots efforts—and why their inclusion advances security.
Current Peace Efforts
Current Peace Effort

Overthrown in 2001 by a U.S.-led military campaign, the Taliban has since waged an insurgency against the internationally backed Afghan government, resulting in widespread displacement and destruction, including significant physical threats and restrictions for Afghan women.

Current Peace Effort

The seemingly intractable Israeli-Palestinian conflict is rooted in a dispute over the land that makes up present-day Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip.

Current Peace Effort

Since Myanmar gained independence in 1948, various armed ethnic groups seeking greater autonomy from the government have fought the world’s longest-running civil war. Tens of thousands have been killed and hundreds of thousands displaced by ongoing sectarian violence between the Buddhist community and the persecuted Rohingya Muslim minority. 

Current Peace Effort

Sudan has been plagued by intermittent civil wars. To the west, conflict in Darfur since 2003 has caused widespread death and displacement. To the south, a 2005 peace agreement prefaced South Sudan’s 2011 secession, but conflict continues between the government and armed groups in the South Kordofan and Blue Nile regions (the “Two Areas”). In 2019, Sudan began transitioning to democratic civilian rule after a military coup d’état.

Current Peace Effort

In 2011, protests against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s regime quickly escalated into a full-scale armed conflict between anti-government rebel groups and the Syrian government. Outside parties have significantly intervened, particularly as the self-proclaimed Islamic State expanded from Iraq into Syria.

Current Peace Effort

Yemen continues to be devastated by fighting between government loyalists and Houthi rebels sparked by the 2011 uprising that transferred power from former President Ali Abdullah Saleh to Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi. Ethnic Houthi rebels from northern Yemen exploited the central government’s weak influence and seized Sanaa in 2014. South Yemen’s separatist militias continue their violent push for secession.

Women's Power Index
Find out where women around the world wield political power - and why it matters.
View Interactive
Find out where women around the world wield political power - and why it matters.
View Interactive
Growing Economies Through Gender Parity
Closing the gender gap in the workforce could add a $28 trillion to the global GDP.
View Interactive
Closing the gender gap in the workforce could add a $28 trillion to the global GDP.
View Interactive
Women's Workplace Equality Index
Most countries still have laws that make it harder for women to work than men.
View Interactive
Most countries still have laws that make it harder for women to work than men.
View Interactive