Though several initial rounds of talks included no women in formal roles, up to 15 percent of the negotiators in UN-mediated discussions in December 2017 were women. In January 2018, Russia convened the Syrian National Dialogue Congress in Sochi, in which women constituted 15 percent of party delegates. In October 2019, when the UN-facilitated Syrian Constitutional Committee met in Geneva, women made up 28 percent of delegates. A Women’s Advisory Board continues to consult with the UN special envoy for Syria and successfully works across political lines to find consensus on controversial issues critical to stability, including aid delivery and the release of detainees.
Locally, women have led efforts to negotiate cease-fires, organize nonviolent protests, police the streets, work in field hospitals and schools, distribute food and medicine, and document human rights violations.