Overthrown in 2001 by the U.S.-led military campaign, the Taliban has since waged an insurgency against the internationally backed Afghan government, which has resulted in widespread displacement and destruction, including significant physical threats and restrictions for Afghan women. The self-proclaimed Islamic State has also launched devastating attacks on civilians and state institutions with increasing frequency in recent years.
Case Studies of Current and Past Peace Processes
This qualitative analysis documents how women participate in peace processes—whether in official negotiating roles or through grassroots efforts—and why their inclusion advances security.
Current Peace Efforts