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June 14, 2021

Israel
What to Know About the Arab Citizens of Israel

Arab citizens of Israel represent one-fifth of the population and could be poised to gain a larger voice in the country’s domestic affairs.

Arab citizens of Israel stand near demolished houses in the northern city of Qalansawe in January 2017.

May 19, 2022

Middle East and North Africa
Turkey’s Growing Foreign Policy Ambitions

Turkey’s geography and membership in NATO have long given the country an influential voice in foreign policy, but the assertive policies of President Erdogan have complicated its role.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan speaking in front of massive Turkish flags and portraits of himself and Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

February 19, 2020

Middle East and North Africa
The Arab League

Founded as a loose confederation of states in 1945, the Arab League has struggled to overcome dysfunction and disunity among its members.

Flag of Arab League member states accompany the league's seal

October 31, 2012

United States
The Candidates on Democracy Promotion in the Arab World

The presidential candidates generally agree on support for democracy and human rights in Arab states, but have differed on several policy particulars, such as military intervention in Libya and Syria.

April 20, 2006

Iran
Arab Views of a Nuclear Iran

The Arab world is watching nuclear developments in Iran closely. The outcome could disrupt the Middle East’s balance of power or, worse, provoke a regional nuclear arms race.

May 4, 2022

NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
What Is NATO?

The alliance is bolstering its military deterrent in Europe amid Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and could be poised for another major expansion.

The United Kingdom’s Royal Marines take part in NATO exercises in Scotland in 2018.

October 20, 2005

Peacekeeping
The Arab League and Iraq

This publication is now archived. IntroductionThe decision by the Arab League to empower its secretary-general, the former Egyptian foreign minister Amr Moussa, to organize a conference on national r…

October 14, 2005

Iraq
Iraq’s Sunni Arabs

This publication is now archived. Who are Iraq’s Sunnis?The divisions among Sunnis that surfaced in the run-up to the October 15 referendum highlight both the fractiousness of the Sunni leadership an…

September 9, 2005

Race and Ethnicity
IRAQ: Iraqi Leaders Voicing Anger at Arab Neighbors

This publication is now archived. IntroductionRelations between Iraq and its Arab neighbors have worsened in recent weeks, highlighted by Iraqi President Jalal Talabani’s September 5 criticism of Ara…

December 17, 2021

Middle East and North Africa
Understanding Sharia: The Intersection of Islam and the Law

Sharia guides the personal religious practices of Muslims worldwide, but whether it should influence modern legal systems remains a subject of intense debate.

People attend Friday prayers at the Wazir Khan mosque in Lahore, Pakistan.