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August 17, 2021

Palestinian Territories
What Is Hamas?

The Palestinian armed group has struggled to govern Gaza. Yet, it remains committed to resisting Israel and shows little desire to reconcile with Palestinian leadership in the West Bank.

Gun-toting Hamas militants ride a vehicle amid a massive crowd of the group's supporters

April 7, 2006

Iran
Iran’s Multifaceted Foreign Policy

Contrary to conventional wisdom, Iranian foreign policy is not the province of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, but rather of a complex set of groups mostly run by clerics. This results in a foreign po…

August 4, 2014

Israel
The Israel-Gaza Crisis: Three Things to Know

The violence in Gaza is likely to continue until a third party brokers a deal that allows both Israel and Hamas to claim successes as a result of the bloodshed, says CFR’s Robert Danin.

December 6, 2017

Israel
What’s At Stake With the U.S. Recognition of Jerusalem

President Trump’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and relocate the embassy there could set back the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.

The Israeli and American flags are projected on the walls surrounding Jerusalem’s Old City.

February 8, 2012

Palestinian Territories
Palestinian Unity Deal in a Changing Middle East

The Hamas-Fatah unity deal reflects Palestinian efforts to find new patrons and new sources of support in the region, says CFR’s Robert M. Danin.

January 26, 2006

Elections and Voting
Implications of the Palestinian Elections

This publication is now archived. IntroductionHamas’ surprise victory over Fatah in January 25 legislative elections raises many questions for the future of the Middle East. Experts are still trying …

June 17, 2009

Iran
Presidential Power in Iran

Iran’s Supreme Leader remains the regime’s ultimate authority but controversy surrounding the country’s June 12 presidential election has raised new questions about the role and power of the head of …

May 6, 2019

Defense and Security
Iran’s Revolutionary Guards

Conceived as the principal defenders of the 1979 revolution, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps has evolved into an institution with vast political, economic, and military power.

Members of the Revolutionary Guards attend a parliamentary session in Tehran.

October 4, 2005

Democracy
Profiles of Palestinian Leaders

CFR.org profiles the most prominent Palestinian leaders.

July 18, 2006

Syria
Syria, Iran, and the Mideast Conflict

The relationship between Syria and Iran is receiving new scrutiny as an Israeli offensive against Lebanon—sparked by an attack on Israeli soldiers by the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah, which is s…