Jul 27, 2020
A diplomat walks through the main doors of the assembly building at the UN headquarters in New York, on September 17, 2015. Mike Segar/Reuters

From Norm-Takers to Norm-Makers Making African Voices More Effective at the United Nations

African UN member states should act as unifiers and conveners rather than dividers. More coordination could help them overcome the structural challenges they face at the United Nations.

A diplomat walks through the main doors of the assembly building at the UN headquarters in New York, on September 17, 2015. Mike Segar/Reuters

African UN member states should act as unifiers and conveners rather than dividers. More coordination could help them overcome the structural challenges they face at the United Nations.

Jan 30, 2020
A Palestinian doctor examines a patient’s eyes at a medical center in a refugee camp in the West Bank town of Bethlehem, on May 7, 2012. Ammar Awad/Reuters

A Silent Crisis The Rise of Noncommunicable Diseases in Refugee Settings

Refugee health needs in non-camp, urban settings have increasingly shifted to noncommunicable diseases. Providing preventive care and specialist treatment requires a massive influx of resources, but it is well worth the investment.

A Palestinian doctor examines a patient’s eyes at a medical center in a refugee camp in the West Bank town of Bethlehem, on May 7, 2012. Ammar Awad/Reuters

Refugee health needs in non-camp, urban settings have increasingly shifted to noncommunicable diseases. Providing preventive care and specialist treatment requires a massive influx of resources, but it is well worth the investment.

Jan 30, 2020
Rohingya refugees wait for medical checkups in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, on January 21, 2018. Mohammad Ponir Hossain/Reuters

Refuge From Disease Mitigating Communicable Diseases in Refugee Populations

Mitigating potential communicable disease in refugee populations is a subset of efforts for human rights, equality, and dignity. A basic multilateral framework could improve health care in these situations and provide an example for future challenges.

Rohingya refugees wait for medical checkups in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, on January 21, 2018. Mohammad Ponir Hossain/Reuters

Mitigating potential communicable disease in refugee populations is a subset of efforts for human rights, equality, and dignity. A basic multilateral framework could improve health care in these situations and provide an example for future challenges.

Jul 02, 2019
The Anticipatory Governance of Solar Radiation Management

The Anticipatory Governance of Solar Radiation Management

Emission reductions alone are unlikely to prevent severe climate change impacts. As researchers and policymakers pay increasing attention to measures such as solar radiation management (SRM), states and private actors need to agree on the potential role of SRM in the overall climate change regime and to recognize its limitations.

The Anticipatory Governance of Solar Radiation Management

Emission reductions alone are unlikely to prevent severe climate change impacts. As researchers and policymakers pay increasing attention to measures such as solar radiation management (SRM), states and private actors need to agree on the potential role of SRM in the overall climate change regime and to recognize its limitations.

Jul 02, 2019
Reevaluating Global Trade Governance Structures to Address Climate Change

Reevaluating Global Trade Governance Structures to Address Climate Change

Climate change poses an immense challenge to the biosphere and global economy. To make international trade more environmentally friendly, the world needs to use rules that have been around for decades, create new rules, and find new space for climate change policy.

Reevaluating Global Trade Governance Structures to Address Climate Change

Climate change poses an immense challenge to the biosphere and global economy. To make international trade more environmentally friendly, the world needs to use rules that have been around for decades, create new rules, and find new space for climate change policy.

Dec 13, 2018
India and the World: Fueling a New Low-Carbon Growth Model

India and the World: Fueling a New Low-Carbon Growth Model

India’s capability to grow in a carbon-scarce world will determine the fate of the Sustainable Development Goals. For India and other countries to conduct low-carbon transitions in an economically sustainable manner, it is imperative that they address the fractured financial state of power distribution companies, the lack of developed financial markets, and stringent international financial regulations.

India and the World: Fueling a New Low-Carbon Growth Model

India’s capability to grow in a carbon-scarce world will determine the fate of the Sustainable Development Goals. For India and other countries to conduct low-carbon transitions in an economically sustainable manner, it is imperative that they address the fractured financial state of power distribution companies, the lack of developed financial markets, and stringent international financial regulations.

Nov 29, 2018
Arctic Governance: Challenges and Opportunities

Arctic Governance: Challenges and Opportunities

As national governments, international institutions, and nonstate actors explore different approaches to Arctic governance, a cohesive approach is necessary to address the environmental, economic, sociocultural, and geopolitical challenges this region faces.

This paper has benefited from numerous comments and suggestion from Council of Councils members, in particular Jennifer Spence (Centre for International Governance Innovation), Sergey Kulik (Institute of Contemporary Development), Ettore Greco (Institute of International Affairs), and Tobias Etzold (German Institute for International and Security Affairs). The author also thanks CFR’s editorial staff and Terrence Mullan for their valued contributions to this paper.

Arctic Governance: Challenges and Opportunities

As national governments, international institutions, and nonstate actors explore different approaches to Arctic governance, a cohesive approach is necessary to address the environmental, economic, sociocultural, and geopolitical challenges this region faces.

This paper has benefited from numerous comments and suggestion from Council of Councils members, in particular Jennifer Spence (Centre for International Governance Innovation), Sergey Kulik (Institute of Contemporary Development), Ettore Greco (Institute of International Affairs), and Tobias Etzold (German Institute for International and Security Affairs). The author also thanks CFR’s editorial staff and Terrence Mullan for their valued contributions to this paper.

Jun 26, 2018
Global Monetary Policy Divergence and the Reemergence of Global Imbalances

Global Monetary Policy Divergence and the Reemergence of Global Imbalances

To minimize the risk of greater global imbalances, U.S. policymakers should rethink U.S. fiscal policy and focus on the transatlantic imbalances, not the bilateral trade deficit with China.

This paper has benefited from numerous comments and suggestion from Council on Council members, in particular Brad Setser and Terrence Mullan.

Global Monetary Policy Divergence and the Reemergence of Global Imbalances

To minimize the risk of greater global imbalances, U.S. policymakers should rethink U.S. fiscal policy and focus on the transatlantic imbalances, not the bilateral trade deficit with China.

This paper has benefited from numerous comments and suggestion from Council on Council members, in particular Brad Setser and Terrence Mullan.

Jun 19, 2018
Domesticating the Giant: The Global Governance of Migration

Domesticating the Giant: The Global Governance of Migration

A global policy framework and consolidated institutional architecture can help states facilitate regular migration, cope with illegal crossings, and humanely respond to forced migration.

The author thanks Asmita Parshotam (South African Institute of International Affairs), David Kipp (German Institute for International and Security Affairs), Asli Selin Okyay (Institute of International Affairs), Stewart Patrick (Council on Foreign Relations), and Christophe Bertossi and Matthieu Tardis (French Institute of International Relations) for their comments.

Domesticating the Giant: The Global Governance of Migration

A global policy framework and consolidated institutional architecture can help states facilitate regular migration, cope with illegal crossings, and humanely respond to forced migration.

The author thanks Asmita Parshotam (South African Institute of International Affairs), David Kipp (German Institute for International and Security Affairs), Asli Selin Okyay (Institute of International Affairs), Stewart Patrick (Council on Foreign Relations), and Christophe Bertossi and Matthieu Tardis (French Institute of International Relations) for their comments.

Feb 23, 2018
Increasing International Cooperation in Cybersecurity and Adapting Cyber Norms

Increasing International Cooperation in Cybersecurity and Adapting Cyber Norms

The world must not allow the establishment of cyber norms to atrophy. It is imperative that international cyber cooperation increases to protect the stability and resiliency of the global digital economy. Proposals for cooperation include restarting the U.S.-Russia dialogue, reconvening UN experts and implementing existing norms, starting discussions on a global cybercrime convention, and codifying cyberattack legislation into international law.

Increasing International Cooperation in Cybersecurity and Adapting Cyber Norms

The world must not allow the establishment of cyber norms to atrophy. It is imperative that international cyber cooperation increases to protect the stability and resiliency of the global digital economy. Proposals for cooperation include restarting the U.S.-Russia dialogue, reconvening UN experts and implementing existing norms, starting discussions on a global cybercrime convention, and codifying cyberattack legislation into international law.