648 Results for:

September 24, 2021

Technology and Innovation
Cryptocurrencies, Digital Dollars, and the Future of Money

The dizzying rise of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies has created new challenges for governments and central banks. Some are responding by introducing their own digital currencies.

A technician inspects the backside of a bitcoin mining operation in Quebec, Canada.

July 1, 2021

Latin America
Central America’s Turbulent Northern Triangle

The U.S. government is responding to another wave of migrants fleeing poverty, violence, and other challenges in the Central American region.

A child sits outside her home in San Pedro Sula, Honduras.

October 3, 2019

Eurozone
The Role of the European Central Bank

As Europe has weathered a succession of economic crises, the European Central Bank has responded with an aggressive set of monetary policies that have redefined the bank’s original mandate.

Workers repair the euro sign in front of ECB headquarters

September 8, 2021

International Organizations
The IMF: The World’s Controversial Financial Firefighter

The International Monetary Fund, both criticized and lauded for its efforts to promote financial stability, continues to find itself at the forefront of global economic crisis management.

IMF Governors' meeting

October 12, 2021

United States
Corporate Taxes in a Globalized World

A group of more than one hundred countries has agreed to a historic rewrite of global tax rules. Here’s what to know.

Group of Seven (G7) finance ministers pose for a photo during a meeting in London in June 2021.

April 17, 2020

European Union
How Does the European Union Work?

The European Union has navigated a thicket of external and internal crises in recent years, including mass migration and Brexit. What are the union’s core institutions, and what roles do they play?

The chamber of the European Parliament during a voting session at the EU parliament's headquarters in Strasbourg..

October 11, 2021

Pharmaceuticals and Vaccines
A Guide to Global COVID-19 Vaccine Efforts

The swift development of effective vaccines against the new coronavirus was an unprecedented scientific achievement. But production challenges, vaccine nationalism, and new virus strains have all pre…

Physician Alister Martin receives one of the first doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, U.S., December 16, 2020.Craig F. Walker

February 6, 2013

Europe
Germany’s Central Bank and the Eurozone

Germany’s Bundesbank remains an influential actor in eurozone policymaking, and its recent disagreements with the ECB raise concerns about managing the zone’s debt crisis. This Backgrounder explains.

October 1, 2021

Budget, Debt, and Deficits
The National Debt Dilemma

With the U.S. national debt already exceeding $16 trillion, President Trump’s tax reform and budget deals with Congress have added to the country’s deficits. CFR explores the origins of the national debt, the risks it presents, and the outlook for change.

US-Debt-BGR-Header-2-1160x630.jpg

October 8, 2021

Trade
The Truth About Tariffs

Tariffs have been applied over the years to protect homegrown industries and target competitors who are seen as using unfair trade practices. They impose costs on both importers and exporters and had been in decline until the recent U.S.-China trade war.

A steelworker tests a sample of steel at an Indiana mill in March 2018.