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November 8, 2022

Monetary Policy
What Is the U.S. Federal Reserve?

Over the past decade, the Fed kept interest rates low while it deployed trillions of dollars in stimulus and expanded its regulatory oversight. Now, the central bank is back in the spotlight for its …

Federal Reserve

June 22, 2022

Latin America
Central America’s Turbulent Northern Triangle

The U.S. government continues to seek strategies for responding to the growing number of migrants fleeing poverty, violence, and other challenges in the Central American region.

A child sits outside her home in San Pedro Sula, Honduras.

March 11, 2022

European Union
How Does the European Union Work?

The European Union has navigated a thicket of external and internal crises in recent years, including mass migration and Brexit. What are the union’s core institutions, and what roles do they play?

The chamber of the European Parliament during a voting session at the EU parliament's headquarters in Strasbourg..

October 3, 2019

Eurozone
The Role of the European Central Bank

As Europe has weathered a succession of economic crises, the European Central Bank has responded with an aggressive set of monetary policies that have redefined the bank’s original mandate.

Workers repair the euro sign in front of ECB headquarters

February 6, 2013

Europe
Germany’s Central Bank and the Eurozone

Germany’s Bundesbank remains an influential actor in eurozone policymaking, and its recent disagreements with the ECB raise concerns about managing the zone’s debt crisis. This Backgrounder explains.

November 18, 2022

Economics
Is Industrial Policy Making a Comeback?

The consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and the rise of China have prompted renewed debate about the U.S. government’s role in shaping the economy.

Workers assemble Ford vehicles at the Chicago Assembly Plant in Chicago, Illinois.

October 11, 2022

Ukraine
Ukraine: Conflict at the Crossroads of Europe and Russia

Ukraine’s Westward drift since independence has been countered by the sometimes violent tug of Russia, felt most recently with Putin’s 2022 invasion.

An anti-government protester sits on a monument during clashes with riot police in Kyiv on February 20, 2014.

November 18, 2022

Middle East and North Africa
What Is the Kafala System?

The kafala system regulates the lives of tens of millions of migrant laborers in the Middle East, but growing outrage over human rights abuses, racism, and gender discrimination has fueled calls for …

Workers are seen in the Lusail National Stadium, which is under construction for the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Doha, Qatar.

November 10, 2022

G20 (Group of Twenty)
What Does the G20 Do?

The Group of Twenty, an informal gathering of many of the world’s largest economies, is the premier global forum for discussing economic issues. But it has faced divisions over trade, climate change,…

A photo of G20 finance ministers and central bank governors meeting in Indonesia.

March 13, 2014

Europe and Eurasia
The European Union’s Eastern Partnership

The most recent crisis in Ukraine has invited closer scrutiny of the European Union’s approach to its Eastern neighbors.

Europe Ukraine