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July 2, 2018

United States
A U.S. Border Patrol agent keeps watch along the fence next to the U.S.-Mexican border in Calexico, California, February 2017. The U.S. Immigration Debate

Comprehensive immigration reform has eluded Congress for years, moving controversial policy decisions into the executive and judicial branches of government.

May 31, 2018

United States
US-Debt-BGR-Header-2-1160x630.jpg The National Debt Dilemma

With the U.S. national debt already exceeding $15 trillion, President Trump’s tax reform and budget deals with Congress are poised to add massively to the country’s deficits. CFR explores the origins of the national debt, the risks it presents, and the outlook for change.

January 17, 2008

Development
Rebuilding Iraq

Western efforts to rebuild Iraq have focused on military and political progress but revival of civilian infrastructure lags badly.

February 28, 2018

Technology and Innovation
Benoit Tessier/Reuters Cryptocurrencies and National Security

Cryptocurrencies are a disruptive financial technology that present governments with new national security challenges and terrorist groups, criminals, and rogue states with opportunities.

February 3, 2005

Iraq
IRAQ: Democracy’s Prospects in Iraq

This publication is now archived. What are the prospects for democratic transformationMany experts say Iraq will have some form of elected government within 18 months. That relatively quick timetable…

February 2, 2005

Iraq
IRAQ: Iraq’s Governing Council

This publication is now archived. What is the makeup of the Iraqi Governing Council?A diverse mixture of Iraqis—including recently returned exiles, tribal leaders, women, religious Muslim conservativ…

February 3, 2005

Iraq
IRAQ: Iraq’s Prewar Military Capabilities

This publication is now archived. How strong was the Iraqi military before the war began?Western military experts generally estimated that in early 2003, Iraq’s armed forces were down to about 40% of…

September 13, 2005

Terrorism and Counterterrorism
IRAQ: Status of Iraq’s insurgency

This publication is now archived. What is the status of Iraq’s insurgency? Despite some political progress, Iraq’s insurgency shows few signs of waning, experts say. The most recent attack—a series o…

February 8, 2005

Iraq
IRAQ: Iraq’s Leadership Class

This publication is now archived. How will Iraq’s top political posts be filled?Now that the votes from the January 30 election have been tallied, the 275 newly elected members of the transitional Na…

December 26, 2017

Public Health Threats and Pandemics
A heroin user reads an alert on fentanyl in New York City. The U.S. Opioid Epidemic

Opioid addiction in the United States has reached epidemic proportions, threatening not only public health but economic output and national security.