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May 26, 2020

Coronavirus
Millions at Risk of Gender-Based Violence if COVID-19 Pandemic is Prolonged

Voices from the Field features contributions from scholars and practitioners highlighting new research, thinking, and approaches to development, diplomacy and security challenges. This post is author…

Women keep social distance by holding onto purple ribbons as they protest against domestic violence, amid the spread of COVID-19, in Istanbul, Turkey, May 20, 2020.

April 23, 2020

Rwanda
Why Rwanda Needs to Prepare Now for Kagame’s Promised Departure in 2024

This April marks the twenty-six-year anniversary of the Rwandan genocide and twenty years since Paul Kagame took the reins as president. For much of that time, Kagame imposed limits on the political process, democratic debate, and opposition figures. He justified these limits by saying that the country was too fragile, the wounds too fresh, and the competitive aspects of democracy too divisive for a country emerging out of a genocide. But when does that grace period end?

President Paul Kagame and First Lady Jeanette Kagame light the Rwandan genocide flame of hope, known as the "Kwibuka" (Remembering), to commemorate the 1994 Genocide at the Kigali Genocide Memorial Center in Kigali, Rwanda, on April 7, 2020. They are flanked by greener as they both old a long and lit torch that lights the memorial.

May 18, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: May 9–15

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from May 9 to 15, 2020.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink.

May 22, 2020

United States
Remembering Those Memorial Day Honors

The United States has fought twelve major wars and numerous smaller skirmishes in its history. Memorial Day is how we honor the soldiers, sailors, airmen, airwomen, and marines who did not return hom…

Memorial Day

April 9, 2020

Health Policy and Initiatives
Now a Destination for Illicit Drugs, African States Need a New Approach

On March 20, Ghana's parliament passed the Narcotics Control Commission (NCC) bill in response to the dramatic growth in domestic drug consumption. The NCC treats illicit drug use as a public health crisis rather than strictly a law enforcement issue by decriminalizing certain narcotics and prioritizing treatment and rehabilitation for drug addicts. This is an important shift in Africa’s approach to combating the trade and use of illicit drugs.

A hand passes a plastic cup of a dose of methadone through a barred window to the hand of a recovering drug addict at a Medication Assisted Therapy clinic run by Doctors Without Borders (MSF) at Karuri Level 4 hospital in Kiambu, Kenya, on October 3, 2019.

April 15, 2020

China
Despite New China-Africa Tension, Beijing Has a Pivotal Role to Play in Africa's COVID-19 Recovery

Beyond expressing legitimate concerns about the treatment of Africans in Guangzhou, U.S. officials would be wrong to add sow further discord between China and its African partners. It benefits no one. China must be a partner to international financial organizations in their aid to Africa, financing loans, suspending debt payments, and providing stimulus.

Femi Gbajabiamila, speaker of the Nigerian House of Representatives, meets with Zhou Pingjian, the Chinese ambassador to Nigeria, to discuss the mistreatment of Africans in China, on April 20, Abuja, Nigeria. Both speakers where masks and sit apart from each other, Ambassador Zhou in a blue suit with a teal max, on an armchair, and Speaker Gbajamiamila in grey with a white mask on the opposite side of a couch in the speaker's very green office.

May 13, 2020

Nigeria
Amid Oil Price Collapse, Nigeria Is Running out of Foreign Exchange

The fall in international oil prices amid coronavirus is having a devastating impact on Nigeria’s formal economy. Oil, the property of the Nigerian government, provides more than 60 percent of government revenue and 90 percent of foreign exchange.

A money changer counts Nigerian currency notes for a customer in Nigeria's commercial capital, Lagos, Nigeria, on March 16, 2020.

May 11, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: May 2–8

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from May 2 to 8, 2020.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink.

April 10, 2020

Nigeria
Case Not Quite Closed on the Assassination of Nigerian Salafi Scholar Shaikh Jaafar Adam

While at prayer on April 13, 2007, the prominent Salafi scholar, Shaikh Jaafar Mahmud Adam, was assassinated at his mosque in Kano. At the time, the murder made a deep impression on mainstream Muslims, many of whom revered Adam. The murder took place in the final days before the 2007 presidential elections, and many observers, including those at the U.S. embassy, thought that the murder was somehow related. But it now seems more likely that Adam was assassinated by a vengeful former member of the Nigerian Taliban. His murder was an early manifestation of the deadly battles among Boko Haram’s competing factions that continue up to the present.

A man cycles past the Al Ansar mosque in Maiduguri. Four red and white minarets are visible around a green dome topped with gold. Person-sized arches line the one-story building around the dome and minarets.

May 8, 2020

Nigeria
Good Leadership at the Top Belies Facts on the Ground in Nigeria

Leadership of the moment in Nigeria cannot overcome the generations of poor leadership and corruption that have left underdeveloped public health services, social safety net, and trust in government, at a time when it faces low oil prices and COVID-19.

Young boys, who attend Nigeria's Islamic schools, known as almajiris, stand in crowds in Tudunwada, as authorities struggle to contain coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Maiduguri, Nigeria April 24, 2020.