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Africa in Transition

John Campbell and Michelle Gavin track political and security developments across sub-Saharan Africa.

Latest Post

Somali legislators of the lower house of parliament raise their hands to vote to extend President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed's term for another two years to let the country prepare for direct elections, in Mogadishu, Somalia on April 12, 2021 Feisal Omar/Reuters

Somalia's Political Crisis Demands Sustained Attention

While international attention has been focused on Ethiopia’s multiple internal and foreign policy crises, the political situation in Somalia has gone from precarious to untenable, further eroding peace and security in the strategically important Horn of Africa. Read More

Chad
Chad Holds Another Sham Election
On April 11, Chadians went to cast their votes to elect a president. The electoral commission is to certify the outcome by April 25. Not that the outcome was ever in doubt: incumbent president Idriss…
Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: April 3–9
Below is a visualization and description of some of the most significant incidents of political violence in Nigeria from April 3 to April 9, 2021. This update also represents violence related to Boko…
Mozambique
SADC Punts on Mozambique—For the Time Being
On April 8, the leaders of Botswana, Malawi, South Africa, and Zimbabwe met with Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi to consider next steps with respect to the crisis in Cabo Delgado. They decided to s…
  • Terrorism and Counterterrorism
    Islamic State and al-Qaeda Linked to African Insurgencies
    Violence attributed to Islamist groups has dramatically increased in sub-Saharan Africa over the past decade, and continues to infect new venues where it has been absent. In the recent attacks on Pal…
  • Nigeria
    Attacks Against Security Facilities Accelerate in Former Biafra
    On April 5, gunmen attacked a prison in Owerri, Nigeria, freeing 1,844 inmates. (Owerri, the capital of Imo State, is a major trading center with more than one million residents.) On April 6, “bandit…
  • Mozambique
    Foreign Involvement Growing in Mozambique Counterinsurgency
    Jihadi attacks in Mozambique’s Cabo Delgado province are accelerating, with heavy fighting breaking out around the town of Palma. In response, South Africa’s President Cyril Ramaphosa sent South Afri…
  • Nigeria
    Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: March 27–April 2
    Below is a visualization and description of some of the most significant incidents of political violence in Nigeria from March 27 to April 2, 2021. This update also represents violence related to Bok…
  • Tanzania
    Interview: Tundu Lissu on Tanzanian President Samia Suluhu Hassan and the Role of the West in Democratization
    This is the second half of a two-part interview conducted by Nolan Quinn, a research associate for the Council on Foreign Relations’ Africa Program, and reviewed by Ralph Bunche Senior Fellow John Ca…
  • Ivory Coast
    Concern Grows About Jihadi Activity in Ivory Coast
    In the early hours of March 29, an estimated sixty gunmen attacked two small military installations in Kafolo and Kolobougou, both located in Ivory Coast on the border with Burkina Faso. The assailan…
  • Tanzania
    Interview: Tundu Lissu Discusses the Need for Constitutional Reform in Tanzania
    This is the first half of a two-part interview conducted by Nolan Quinn, a research associate for the Council on Foreign Relations’ Africa Program, and reviewed by Ralph Bunche Senior Fellow John Cam…