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October 4, 2017

Kurds
Kirkuk Statue Image Unraveling the Oil Geopolitics Intertwined in the Kurdish Independence Referendum

For over a decade, U.S. efforts to promote stability across the Middle East have run afoul of many complexities. The recent independence referendum in the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) territory …

January 21, 2014

Middle East and North Africa
Egypt’s Referendum

Egypt’s constitutional referendum this week should be no cause for celebration. It was not free and fair; the turnout did not suggest a consensus among Egyptians; and the future stability of Egypt is…

April 18, 2017

Turkey
Podcast A rally in support of the Turkish President on March 26, 2017 in Istanbul. The Turkish Referendum

CFR's James M. Lindsay, Robert McMahon, and Steven Cook examine the consequences of the Turkish referendum on U.S. foreign policy.

September 11, 2017

Iraq
Kurd referendum Is the World Ready for “Kurdexit”? Referendum Among Iraqi Kurds Has Middle East on Edge

Iraq continues to bedevil American foreign policy, and the world. Now the Kurds will vote on their own state.

December 1, 2016

Italy
Europe Braces For Italy’s Referendum

Italy’s vote on constitutional reforms, which may determine whether the country can escape its economic doldrums and rescue its ailing banking system, could have consequences for all of Europe, says …

November 20, 2012

Japan
Japanese college students raise their fists at a job-hunting rally in Tokyo February 5, 2009 (Toru Hanai/Courtesy Reuters). A Referendum for Japan

Japan’s politicians have been released from legislative deliberations, and are rushing to prepare for the next Lower House election, scheduled for December 16. The media is in hot pursuit as politici…

March 18, 2011

Politics and Government
Egypt’s Referendum Egypt’s Referendum

Egyptian men walk past a banner that reads "Not for a referendum March 19" during a rally to demonstrate the unity between Muslims and Christians at Tahrir Square in Cairo on March 11, 2011 (Amr Dals…

May 19, 2006

Europe
Montenegro’s Referendum on Independence

A referendum on Montenegro’s independence could redraw national boundaries in the Balkans. It could also strain tensions in an already volatile region.

October 4, 2005

Iraq
Monitoring the Iraqi Constitution Referendum

This publication is now archived. IntroductionThe upcoming October 15 constitution referendum will, for the first time in their history, give Iraqis the opportunity to accept or reject a new constitu…

August 4, 2016

Thailand
Thai-protestor-referendum What Happens After Thailand’s Referendum?

On August 7, Thais hold a national referendum on a new charter. As I noted in my previous blog post, Thailand has had twenty different constitutions since the end of the absolute monarchy in 1932. Co…