About the Program
Russia’s unprovoked invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 upended the security order in Europe. The attack has reenergized NATO after a period of drift and raised the possibility that Finland and Sweden, two traditionally neutral states, might join. Germany, Europe’s largest economy and long a laggard when it comes to defense spending, has decided to double its annual defense spending. In an historic first, he European Union (EU) is financing and sending arms to Ukraine, while it is also levying crippling sanctions against Russia. Leaders and citizens across Europe fear the war in Ukraine might expand, and they seek to come to terms with what promises to be an enduring Russia challenge to the European security order.
The threat of war comes at a time of continuing internal stresses across Europe. Populism continues to challenge the established political order in many countries. Brussels struggles with democratic backsliding in Poland and Hungary. Uneven economic growth across the continent strains the unity of the EU, and Britain seeks to chart a new economic course now that it has left the world’s largest single market area.
The Europe program seeks to provide incisive analysis of political, economic, and social developments across the continent with an eye toward explaining their implications for transatlantic relations and world affairs. The program does so through publications, meetings, congressional testimony, and briefings for policymakers and opinion leaders.