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October 4, 2021

Ethiopia
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Doubles Down as Suffering Intensifies

On September 30 the Ethiopian government declared seven senior UN officials—five from OCHA, one from the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and an official from the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights—personae non gratae and insisted that they leave the country. Federal officials claimed that the expelled personnel had been “meddling in the internal affairs of the country.” The announcement came just days after the UN’s Emergency Relief Coordinator called the manmade crisis in Tigray “a stain on our conscience.”

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed stands and raises his right hand beside a woman standing at a podium with her hand raised. An Ethiopian flag sits behind both of them.

December 30, 2020

Ethiopia
Amid Misinformation and Suppressed Free Speech, Ethiopian Conflict Erodes Abiy's Credibility

As 2020 draws to a close, the terrible toll of the conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray region is coming into sharper focus. 

Prime Minister of Ethiopia Abiy Ahmed Ali at news conference after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway December 11, 2019.

January 10, 2020

Ethiopia
Abiy’s Agenda and the Future of Ethiopia

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s ambitious reform plans for Ethiopia will be tested in the year ahead. Since taking the helm of government in April 2018, Abiy has been a whirlwind of activity, opening up …

A vendor sells a newspaper with a picture of Ethiopia’s Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed on it's cover in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, December 10, 2019.

September 20, 2021

Ethiopia
Ethiopia: U.S. Sanctions Threat Attempts to Change the Equation

Last week, the Biden administration rolled out a new executive order authorizing targeted financial sanctions on those found to be responsible for, or complicit in, exacerbating the conflict in and around the Tigray region or Ethiopia, hindering humanitarian assistance in region, or undermining Ethiopia’s democracy or territorial integrity. In its announcement, the White House was explicit in putting all of the parties to the conflict on notice, underscoring that the sanctions could apply to those in the Ethiopian government, the Eritrean government, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), and the Amhara region’s government and forces.

Several individuals stand in back of an armed truck.

April 23, 2021

Ethiopia
What to Know About the Conflict in Ethiopia

Three years ago, Abiy Ahmed came to power with promises of peace. Now, jarring reports of killings and sexual violence have come out of Tigray, Ethiopia’s northernmost region. Here’s what to know abo…

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July 21, 2021

Ethiopia
The Conflict in Ethiopia's Tigray Region

Michelle Gavin, senior fellow for Africa studies at CFR, discusses the conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray region and pathways to a resolution. Learn more about CFR's Religion and Foreign Policy Program…

Play The Conflict in Ethiopia's Tigray Region

October 5, 2021

Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Guantanamo Bay: Twenty Years of Counterterrorism and Controversy

The U.S. military detention center at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, has generated intense debate for two decades, with enduring questions about national security, human rights, and justice.

A collage of surveillance photographs shows Guantanamo detainees.

July 22, 2021

Ethiopia
Risks Grow as Tigray Conflict Enters New Phase

When Ethiopian federal forces declared a unilateral ceasefire at the end of June and Tigrayan fighters retook control of the regional capital, Mekelle, it did not signal the end of the crisis, but rather a pivot to a new phase.

Two soldiers stand on a bridge with assault rifles. Their reflections can be seen in water in front of them.

August 12, 2021

Ethiopia
Ethiopia Plunges Deeper Into Conflict

Nine months after fighting erupted in the northern region of Tigray, Ethiopia is going from bad to worse. The conflict has expanded geographically to Afar and Amhara, regions outside of Tigray’s borders, drawing in new combatants as the federal government mobilizes ethnic militia forces from around the country and calls upon “all capable Ethiopians of age” to take up arms and fight.

A rusted tank sits in a rocky area next to a road.

February 10, 2021

Ethiopia
The Conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray Region: What to Know

The military campaign has resulted in a humanitarian crisis and fears of regional instability. A path forward will require international cooperation, careful diplomacy, and an inclusive political pro…