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January 3, 2020

Cameroon
Lessons From the Past on Cameroon’s Crisis

The violent conflict in Cameroon, still rarely discussed in Washington, is becoming increasingly dire. Both President Paul Biya’s Francophone regime in Yaounde and the Anglophone separatists in the southwest region are accused of brutal human rights abuses, including the burning of villages, attacks on schools, and the killing of men, women, and children. Despite mediation attempts by the Swiss government and sanctions by the Trump administration, there are no signs of any progress towards a negotiated settlement. 

A sign saying " Speak English or French for a bilingual Cameroon" outside a now abandoned school in rural southwest Cameroon, on May 22, 2019.

December 16, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: December 7–13

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from December 7 to 13, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

December 26, 2019

West Africa
Envoy for West Africa and the Sahel Delivers Grim Message to UNSC

On Monday, December 16, Mohamed Ibn Chambas, special representative and head of the UN Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) delivered a grim message to the UN Security Council. He characterized West Africa as “shaken by unprecedented violence,” involving terrorism, organized crime, and intercommunal violence.

Mohammed Ibn Chambas, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel, briefs the Security Council on West Africa, on January 10, 2019, in New York.

December 19, 2019

Nigeria
Sultan of Sokoto Responds to Sowore's Imprisonment in Nigeria

On December 12, the Sultan of Sokoto publicly said that disobedience to court orders is “a recipe for lawlessness and chaos.” He said, “We must regularly obey and respect the laws of our land. We should never disregard the laws to avoid the consequences. If a court makes a judicial pronouncement on a particular matter, it should be obeyed to the letter.” Though he never mentioned Sowore by name, the Sultan’s audience understood that the context was the State Security Service (SSS) invasion of a court room and the re-arrest of Omoyele Sowore contrary to court order.

The sultan of Sokoto, the spiritual leader of Nigeria's Muslims, Alhaji Muhammad Sa'ad Abubakar III, speaks to the media at the state house in Abuja, on December 27, 2011.

December 18, 2019

Nigeria
Buhari's Dictatorial Past and the Rule of Law Today in Nigeria

In the immediate aftermath of the State Security Service’s invasion of an Abuja court room and its re-arrest of Nigerian journalist Omoyele Sowore, the Lagos daily newspaper the Punch announced that it will prefix President Muhammadu Buhari’s name with his military rank, Major General, and will refer to his administration as a “regime,” until “they purge themselves of their insufferable contempt for the rule of law.”

Nigerian president Muhammadu Buhari stands next to Chief of Army Staff Tukur Yusuf Buratai during the opening ceremony of the military staff annual conference, on November 28, 2018, during his trip to visit troops fighting Boko Haram.

December 27, 2019

Rwanda
Swift Response to Open Letter Alleging Gender-Based Corruption in Rwandan Cycling

Neil Edwards is the volunteer intern for CFR's Africa Program in Washington, DC. He is a master's candidate at the School of International Service at American University and a returned Peace Corps Rw…

Samuel Mugisha of Team Rwanda competes during the Tour du Rwanda 2018 in Kigali, Rwanda, on August 12, 2018.

December 9, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: November 30–December 6

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from November 30 to December 6, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

December 13, 2019

Nigeria
High-Profile Attack on Maersk Manager Rattles Lagos Establishment

In Nigeria, intruders stabbed the managing director of Maersk Nigeria, Gildas Tohouo, and his wife, Bernadette, following a December 8 holiday party at their home. She was killed on the spot while he remains in the equivalent of intensive care. They have three small children, all of whom have been accounted for and are being cared for, according to Maersk.

A Danish vessel also known as Maersk berth at the Lagos Tin-Can Island container terminal in Apapa, on October 7, 2015.

December 11, 2019

Nigeria
Buhari's Attacks on the Press in Nigeria Continue Unabated

On December 6, the Department of State Security (DSS) stormed into an Abuja courtroom and illegally detained journalist Omoyele Sowore. The episode is deeply disappointing to American friends of Nigeria who are invested in that country’s democratic trajectory. The DSS flagrantly violated the rule of law and the sanctity of a courtroom by violently manhandling Sowore and causing the judge to flee her own chambers. The episode unfurled in full view of national and international media, dragging Nigeria’s international reputation through the mud.

A fight breaks out as security personnel attempt to re-arrest Nigerian activist Omoyele Sowore at the Federal High Court in Abuja, Nigeria December 6, 2019.

December 17, 2019

South Africa
Shedding Light on the Iran-South Africa Relationship

South Africa has long been a cornerstone of Iran’s South-South strategy, which aims to strengthen ties with African and South American states. Strongly promoted by President Ahmadinejad, the South-South strategy intends to boost Iranian international credibility and promote trade. The Islamic Republic was one of the first countries to resume trade with South Africa following the end of apartheid, and the two countries have enjoyed strong relations ever since.

President of South Africa Jacob Zuma (L) and Iran's President Hassan Rouhani (R) are seen during their meeting at Sadabad Palace in Tehran, Iran, on April 24, 2016.