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April 21, 2021

Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament
Reinventing Nuclear Disarmament and Nonproliferation as Cooperative Endeavors

Differences between nuclear and nonnuclear weapons states could seriously weaken the nuclear regime. Recasting disarmament as a common endeavor that addresses each country’s legitimate interests and …

An inflatable nuclear missile balloon stands at the ready before a protest held by the group Global Zero in McPherson Square in Washington, DC.

March 31, 2021

Democracy
COVID-19 and Its Effect on Inequality and Democracy

Beyond devastating public health, COVID-19 has worsened socioeconomic inequality, possibly for years to come, and exacerbated democratic regression in the United States, Brazil, India, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro arrives at Alvorada Palace in Brasilia, Brazil, on April 20, 2020, amid the COVID-19 outbreak.

March 8, 2021

Inequality
Transforming International Affairs Education to Address Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

Insufficient leadership, outdated curricula, and alienating school climates leave future foreign policy experts ill prepared to address the social forces contributing to fragility and unrest globally…

Protesters hold up placards as they “take a knee” in front of a police line at a Black Lives Matter demonstration outside the U.S. Embassy in London on June 7, 2020.

January 14, 2021

Conflict Prevention
Conflicts to Watch in 2021

In CFR’s annual Preventive Priorities Survey, U.S. foreign policy experts assess the likelihood and impact of thirty potential conflicts that could emerge or escalate in the coming year.

Dark silhouettes of soldiers walking in a line against a dark blue sky

June 2, 2010

Iran
Deterring a Nuclear Iran

Overview From a military perspective, what would be required for a containment scheme to successfully deter a nuclear Iran? In this Working Paper, sponsored by the Carnegie Corporation of New York…

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June 2, 2010

Iran
A Nuclear-Armed Iran

Overview How would an Iranian acquisition of a nuclear weapons capability affect U.S. policy in the Middle East? In this discussion paper, sponsored by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, Mitche…

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October 24, 2016

Saudi Arabia
Managing the Saudi-Iran Rivalry

Overview The growing rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran—and by extension, their allies and proxy forces in the region—will likely shape the Middle East for many years, and possibly even decades…

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May 29, 2020

Election 2020
Banning Covert Foreign Election Interference

The United States is one of the countries that is most susceptible to foreign election interference. To safeguard the U.S. elections in November, Robert K. Knake argues that the United States and oth…

President Donald J. Trump holds up an executive order in front of a crowd at the White House.

January 24, 2012

Iran
Managing Oil Market Disruption in a Confrontation with Iran

Overview Confrontation with Iran over its nuclear program has prompted worries that escalation could lead to massive oil market disruptions. In this Energy Brief, Robert McNally outlines several s…

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January 1, 1997

Iran
Debating Religion and Politics in Iran

Overview Post-revolutionary Iran often is depicted as a society devoid and incapable of self-criticism that is dominated by a monolithic view of religion and politics. A revolutionary Islamic ideo…

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