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October 22, 2020

Tanzania
Magufuli is Transforming Tanzania's Ruling Party From a “Benign Hegemon” Into a Malevolent One

​On October 28th, Tanzania will choose a president and members of the country’s National Assembly. This year, few observers expect a fair vote, given incumbent President John Magufuli and his government’s weaponization of the law.

Tanzanian President John Magufuli walks down a red carpet while observing a guard of honor in Nairobi, Kenya. The soldiers are wearing dark blue uniforms; some soldiers are holding swords raised.

October 1, 2020

Niger
How to Build Better Militaries in Africa: Lessons from Niger

Niger is a key partner of the U.S. in West Africa. The United States provides a range of assistance to Niger, but the country stands out because strategic-level reforms have been taken seriously by both the United States and the partner country. 

Nigerien soldier, wearing fatigues, sunglasses, a brown hat, and with a gun resting on his shoulder, stands guard.

February 19, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria Making Its Mark on the English Language

In its February update, the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) includes numerous new words of Nigerian origin. Many of the words relate to food preparation, urban transportation, the shortening of conventional English words, and the incorporation of words from indigenous languages. For example, ‘mama put’ refers to female food venders, ‘okada’ are passenger-carrying motorcycles, ‘guber’ refers to gubernatorial, and ‘danfo’ is the Yoruba work for urban minibuses.

Nigerian writer Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie speaks at a podium, effectively a high-table. She is wearing a blouse of varying shades of orange, and is standing in front of a black background speckled with white.

October 23, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria: Fear of Repression

Western media is reporting that violence in Lagos—initially connected to protests against the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), a police unit—is intensifying. President Muhammadu Buhari addressed the nation on October 22, calling for protests to end.

Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari can be seen wearing traditional clothing before giving a televised address. Nigerian flags and another flag can be seen behind the president, along with the Nigerian coat of arms.

October 20, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: October 10-16

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from October 10 to October 16, 2020.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink.

October 21, 2020

Nigeria
Protests, Chaos in Nigeria

In Lagos, "security services" have fired on "peaceful protesters." This on top of COVID-19, low oil prices, and radical Islamist groups bent on destroying the state—Nigeria was in trouble even before the SARS demonstrations.

A picture of fires burning on the streets of Lagos, Nigeria. Thick black smoke is billowing into the sky. Several armed men can be seen patrolling the road.

October 19, 2020

Nigeria
Nigerian Demonstrations Becoming About More Than the Police

Following nationwide demonstrations—first against the elite Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) and then the Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) unit, its successor—the Buhari administration has abolished the former and promised wide-ranging police reforms.

A group of men holding signs in support of the #EndSARS protest movement in Nigeria.

October 23, 2020

Military Operations
What Are the Laws Governing Military Force During U.S. Elections?

The prospect of a contested U.S. presidential election has spurred concerns about militias appearing at voting locations. State and federal laws have strict guidelines for any deployment of forces at…

Members of the D.C. National Guard stand on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.

October 24, 2020

Women and Women's Rights
Beijing +25: Delivering on the Promise of 1995 for Adolescent Girls

Decades on, it has never been more important to fulfill the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and invest in the wellbeing and safety of adolescent girls. 

A Palestinian girl looks out of her family home as she watches members of Hamas security forces participating in a simulation exercise for preventing the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), in Gaza City July 18, 2020. REUTERS/Mohammed Salem

October 23, 2020

Election 2020
Campaign Foreign Policy Roundup: Biden and Trump Debate Foreign Policy, Kinda

Each Friday, I look at what the presidential contenders are saying about foreign policy. This week: foreign policy was a topic at the second and final presidential debate of the 2020 campaign. 

Joe Biden and Donald Trump gesture at each other from behind their podiums while Kristen Welker is seated between them on the debate stage.