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July 30, 2019

Elections and Voting
John Delaney

CFR invited the presidential candidates challenging President Trump in the 2020 election to articulate their positions on twelve critical foreign policy issues. Candidates’ answers are posted exactly…

 John Delaney

September 12, 2019

United States
Election 2020: John Delaney on U.S. Foreign Policy

The ten leading Democratic presidential candidates square off at 8 p.m. (EST) tonight in Houston for a third round of debate. ABC News and Univision will be televising the exchange. We’ll see if toni…

John Delaney

September 13, 2019

United States
John Bolton’s Successor Will Struggle to Satisfy Donald Trump

Diplomacy could well come to occupy center stage for a president who relishes summitry.

Trump_John Bolton

July 29, 2019

United States
Election 2020: John Hickenlooper, Democratic Presidential Candidate

Political strategists often ask whether a presidential candidate is someone a voter would want to have a beer with. In the case of former Governor of Colorado John Hickenlooper, they have a candidate…

John Hickenlooper

September 19, 2019

Nigeria
More Shiite Processions Met With Bloodshed in Nigeria

n September 10, members of the Islamic Movement of Nigeria (IMN), a Shia religious and political movement, marched in different cities across the north of Nigeria to mark the beginning of Ashura, a major Muslim holiday and fasting period. In doing so, they defied the government, which, in July, had banned the group. The IMN later claimed that fifteen of their members had been killed after police opened fire on the various IMN processions. The police denied the claim.

Protesters sit and hold posters that say "Buhari Free Zakzaky."

September 17, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: September 7–13

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from September 7 to 13, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

September 20, 2019

Nigeria
Boko Haram Is Back in the Media Spotlight, but It Was Never Really Gone

President Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria, on a number of occasions, has stated that Boko Haram is “technically defeated.” The Council’s Nigeria Security Tracker indicates otherwise, and on September 14, the New York Times published an extensive story on the resurgence of Boko Haram. It was accompanied by three pictures on a back page, including one of a child’s scar from an injury sustained during a suicide bombing.

Women and children sit outside the smoke-blackened remains of a building.

September 13, 2019

Nigeria
Niger and Nigeria Governors Pledge to Cooperate on Cross-Border Crime

Zakari Oumoru, the governor of Maradi, a region (equivalent to a state) in Niger, hosted a cross-border meeting with the Nigerian governors of Katsina, Sokoto, and Zamfara states to focus on cross-border crime, particularly banditry, kidnapping, and cattle rustling. The governors of the four states signed a memorandum of understanding, the text of which has not yet been carried in the Nigerian media. However, it appears to pledge closer cooperation against cross-border crime. Also present were representatives of the Nigerian security services based in the three Nigerian states.

A soldier stands on the side of the road in front of sparse trees on a sandy landscape.

September 18, 2019

South Africa
Why South Africa's Ramaphosa Is Skipping UNGA

Ramaphosa announced that he will not be going to New York this year for UNGA. South Africa’s delegation will be led by Foreign Minister Naledi Pandor. Ramaphosa says that, instead of attending UNGA, he will focus on a number of crises currently facing the country. He will work on implementing measures against gender-based violence and public violence, which almost certainly refers to the xenophobic attacks on foreigners.

Demonstrators hold signs, one of which reads "Just Want to Feel Safe."

September 11, 2019

South Africa
Poor South Africans Attacking Foreign-Owned Business

Mob attacks on foreign-owned shops in Johannesburg have damaged relations between South Africa and Nigeria. The Nigerian government has announced that it is evacuating some four hundred Nigerians from South Africa. The violence is being characterized as “xenophobic,” which, by all accounts, it is. But the story is more complicated, and aspects of it have roots in apartheid South Africa and the dislocations resulting from too-rapid urbanization.

A man stands and looks among the burnt out cars at his dealership in Johannesburg, South Africa, following attacks.