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November 26, 2019

Rwanda
Kagame’s Spat With Museveni Is Costing Rwandans

On November 10, Rwandan security forces shot dead two Ugandan nationals accused of smuggling tobacco across the border. Smuggling has become more common after Rwanda closed its border with Uganda in late February amidst a dispute between Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni and Rwandan President Paul Kagame.

Rwandan President Paul Kagame (R) and his Ugandan counterpart Yoweri Museveni follow the proceedings of the 20th anniversary commemoration of the Rwandan genocide, in Kigali April 7, 2014.

December 1, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker

The Council on Foreign Relations's Nigeria Security Tracker is an effort to catalog and map political violence based on a weekly survey of Nigerian and international press. The data presented includes violent incidents related to political, economic, and social grievances directed at the state or other affiliative groups (or conversely the state employing violence to respond to those incidents.)

September 13, 2019

United States
John Bolton’s Successor Will Struggle to Satisfy Donald Trump

Diplomacy could well come to occupy center stage for a president who relishes summitry.

Trump_John Bolton

November 25, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: November 16–22

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from November 16 to 22, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

December 12, 2019

United States
Ten Anniversaries to Note in 2020

Anniversaries mark the passage of time, recall our triumphs, and honor our losses. Two thousand nineteen witnessed many significant anniversaries: the centennial of the signing of the Treaty of Versa…

Iwo Jima

November 20, 2019

Guinea
Guinea Confronts Third Termism

The small West African country of Guinea has become the latest in sub-Saharan Africa threatened by third termism. President Alpha Condé’s second term ends in 2020, and the current constitution prevents him from seeking a third. So, last month, the eighty-one-year-old set to work drafting a new constitution, one that could allow him to remain in office indefinitely. 

Guinea's President Alpha Conde attends the opening of the 54th Ordinary Session of the ECOWAS Authority of Heads of State and Government, in Abuja, Nigeria December 22, 2018.

November 22, 2019

South Africa
Protest Camp Outside UNHCR in South Africa Removed by Police

The South African Police Service (SAPS) has ended a sit-in at the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) compound in the capital, Pretoria. Some two hundred people have been arrested, according to…

South African Police officer gestures as they forcefully remove refugees from various countries who were camping outside the Cape Town offices of the United Nations Council for Refugees, In Cape Town on October 30, 2019.

November 15, 2019

Tanzania
Tanzania, Where Magufuli Is Waging a War on Democracy

During the four year tenure of President Magufuli, the country has move toward full-on authoritarianism. On November 7, a Magistrates Court in Tanzania postponed for the seventh time the case of journalist Erick Kabendera, who has voiced criticism of the country’s president, John Pombe Magufuli. After initially being violently abducted from his home and later investigated over his citizenship status, Mr. Kabendera is now facing a host of economic charges, including “assisting an organized crime racket” and money laundering. 

Tanzanian investigative journalist Erick Kabendera arrives, flanked by security, at the Kisutu Residents Magistrate Court

November 18, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: November 9–15

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from November 9 to 15, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

November 21, 2019

Nigeria
Abacha, Abiola, and Nigeria’s 1999 Transition to Civilian Rule

The 1999 transition of Nigeria from military to civilian, democratic government, is a defining moment in Nigerian history, representing the beginning of the longest, uninterrupted government since independence in 1960. But what exactly transpired during the period of transition, which began in earnest with the death of military dictator Sani Abacha in1998, is not entirely clear. Max Siollun, in a fascinating study of the period, Nigeria’s Soldiers of Fortune, has done us a service by illuminating some of the behind-the-scenes machinations of that period, and putting to bed some of the rumors that passed for history.

A supporter of Chief Mashood Abiola holds up a newpaper during a demonstration outside the family home July 10 to protest about the suspicious nature of his death.