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May 22, 2020

Coronavirus
Scaling Up African Pharmaceutical Manufacturing in a Time of COVID-19

Africa is vulnerable to disruptions in global supply chains caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly with respect to pharmaceuticals, because between 70 and 90 percent are imported. But it has underutilized capacity to make up the difference.

Michael Otieno, a pharmacist, smiles as he marks with a pen a bottle of anti-retroviral (ARV) drugs at the Mater Hospital in Kenya's capital Nairobi, on September 10, 2015. He is wearing a white doctor's coat and is framed by a wooden booth.

May 21, 2020

Coronavirus
Limiting the COVID-19 Food Crisis in Africa Begins With Local Farmers

The COVID-19 pandemic poses challenges for African agriculture. Farming is the dominant way people in sub-Saharan Africa earn their living and feed their families. Government restrictions on movement could threaten food security if not done properly.

Farmer Leticia Kangwa uses a hand washing station she installed outside her home after learning about how to prevent the spread of COVID-19, in April 2020, in Zambia.

May 20, 2020

Mozambique
Preventing the Next Boko Haram in Northern Mozambique

The conflict broke out in Cabo Delgado province in the fall of 2017, and resulted in more than 1,000 deaths and forced 100,000 people to flee their homes. The group is Ahlu Sunnah Wa-Jamo (ASWJ), aka al-Shabab, with links to the Islamic State.

President Filipe Nyusi of Mozambique stands in a dark suit with a blue tie and white shirt as he is sworn in for his second term as president. Behind him, a military officer in ceremonial dress salutes him with a white-gloved hand.

May 12, 2020

Chad
After Lake Chad Offensive, April One of Deadliest Months in Boko Haram Conflict

April is now one of the deadliest months in nearly a decade of the Boko Haram conflict, according to data from the Nigeria Security Tracker, which now features geographic data from Niger, Chad, and Cameroon.

A Chadian soldier shields his face from dust kicked up by a helicopter in the recently retaken town of Damasak, Nigeria, March 18, 2015.

May 15, 2020

Malawi
Averting a COVID-19 Disaster in Malawi and Building Back Better

One of the poorest countries in Africa, Malawi is vulnerable to the COVID-19 pandemic. It has a high population density, many have underlying health conditions, and a weak a public health system. The pandemic will also exacerbate Malawi's food insecurity.

A woman bends over as she plants sweet potatoes in rows in a small plot of cleared dirt. About half the patch as been planted so far. In the distance are green fields dotted with small trees with mostly round crowns. The sky is blue with white, puffy clouds. The horizon curves.

May 14, 2020

Ethiopia
AU Leadership Absent From Egypt and Ethiopia Dam Dispute

After years of negotiations, Egypt has written to the UN Security Council about what it considers to be Ethiopia's failure to reach an agreement over the filling and operations of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).

Ethiopia's Grand Renaissance Dam undergoes construction work on the River Nile. The far side of the dam run up against a hewn rockface that rises above the height of the dam. In the distance, a grassy, forested mountain is seen against a dark blue sky.

May 26, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: May 16–22

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from May 16 to 22, 2020.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink.

May 26, 2020

Coronavirus
Millions at Risk of Gender-Based Violence if COVID-19 Pandemic is Prolonged

Voices from the Field features contributions from scholars and practitioners highlighting new research, thinking, and approaches to development, diplomacy and security challenges. This post is author…

Women keep social distance by holding onto purple ribbons as they protest against domestic violence, amid the spread of COVID-19, in Istanbul, Turkey, May 20, 2020.

April 23, 2020

Rwanda
Why Rwanda Needs to Prepare Now for Kagame’s Promised Departure in 2024

This April marks the twenty-six-year anniversary of the Rwandan genocide and twenty years since Paul Kagame took the reins as president. For much of that time, Kagame imposed limits on the political process, democratic debate, and opposition figures. He justified these limits by saying that the country was too fragile, the wounds too fresh, and the competitive aspects of democracy too divisive for a country emerging out of a genocide. But when does that grace period end?

President Paul Kagame and First Lady Jeanette Kagame light the Rwandan genocide flame of hope, known as the "Kwibuka" (Remembering), to commemorate the 1994 Genocide at the Kigali Genocide Memorial Center in Kigali, Rwanda, on April 7, 2020. They are flanked by greener as they both old a long and lit torch that lights the memorial.

May 18, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: May 9–15

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from May 9 to 15, 2020.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink.