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July 27, 2022

North Korea
What to Know About Sanctions on North Korea

World powers continue to punish North Korea with economic sanctions, but the pressure has so far failed to push Pyongyang toward denuclearization.

A woman works at a textile mill in Pyongyang, North Korea.

October 8, 2021

Trade
The Truth About Tariffs

Tariffs have been applied over the years to protect homegrown industries and target competitors who are seen as using unfair trade practices. They impose costs on both importers and exporters and had been in decline until the recent U.S.-China trade war.

A steelworker tests a sample of steel at an Indiana mill in March 2018.

May 11, 2021

United States
Why Does the Census Matter?

The U.S. census, one of the few in the world to directly count every resident, is used to distribute political power and federal funding. The 2020 count has faced pandemic-related complications and a…

Aerial shot suburban LA

March 12, 2019

United States
Inequality and Tax Rates: A Global Comparison

With economic inequality at an all-time high, some U.S. presidential candidates are proposing dramatic shifts to the U.S. tax code. How have similar plans worked elsewhere in the world?

IRS

May 13, 2019

China
Is ‘Made in China 2025’ a Threat to Global Trade?

China’s industrial policy is aimed at rapidly expanding its high-tech sectors and developing its advanced manufacturing base. The plan is seen as a threat by President Trump, and could escalate the trade war.

Microchip production in China

June 10, 2015

Fossil Fuels
Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracking)

Hydraulic fracturing has unlocked huge reserves of shale gas and oil, transforming the energy outlook in the United States and the world, even as local opposition and falling world prices threaten th…

Shale gas fracking facility

July 15, 2015

Iran Nuclear Agreement
International Sanctions on Iran

U.S. and international sanctions have battered the Iranian economy and brought Tehran to negotiate over its nuclear program. Lifting them is central to a deal but will be a complex process.

An Iranian man sits in front of a loom to weave a Persian rug

February 16, 2005

Iran
IRAN: Curtailing the Nuclear Program

This publication is now archived. What’s being done to curtail Iran’s nuclear program?The International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA) has broadened its inspections program in Iran after growing ev…

June 24, 2010

International Organizations
The G20’s Twenty Agendas

The G20 meetings in Toronto will be marked by competing agendas on global growth and financial regulations. This Backgrounder looks at the range of policy concerns.

December 30, 2005

Palestinian Territories
Hamas’ Role in the Palestinian Elections

This publication is now archived. IntroductionHamas is expected to poll strongly in Palestinian parliamentary elections scheduled for January 25, 2006. Hamas, whose charter calls for the destruction …