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May 17, 2021

U.S. Foreign Policy
Major Power Rivalry in Africa

Major power rivalry on the African continent cannot be ignored, but it should not dominate U.S.-Africa relations. The United States should pursue close, strategic partnerships with African states.

A black and white photo of rooftops and a tower in the distance over a white block with title and author.

May 4, 2021

Technology and Innovation
Open Access Fiber to Improve U.S. Internet Connectivity

To avoid falling behind the rest of the world on internet speed and access, the United States should rapidly deploy fiber-optic internet nationwide. 

Close-up of Joe Biden in a blue suit and blue tie, speaking and gesturing with his right hand, in front of several U.S. flags

April 29, 2021

Competitiveness
The Future of Strategic Arms Control

To manage the increasingly stark geopolitical power shifts of the past decade-plus, the United States should pursue arms control strategies that regulate rivalry and introduce a broader array of reci…

A Russian naval ensign flies atop the K-18 Karelia nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine during a training in the Barents Sea on April 26, 2018.

April 21, 2021

Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament
Reinventing Nuclear Disarmament and Nonproliferation as Cooperative Endeavors

Differences between nuclear and nonnuclear weapons states could seriously weaken the nuclear regime. Recasting disarmament as a common endeavor that addresses each country’s legitimate interests and …

An inflatable nuclear missile balloon stands at the ready before a protest held by the group Global Zero in McPherson Square in Washington, DC.

April 7, 2021

China
Major Power Rivalry in East Asia

In an era of intensifying U.S.-China friction and volatility, the risks of conflict are real and growing in East Asia, and U.S. policymakers should revitalize existing tools and build new ones to manage an increasingly militarized competition.

The Pudong district is reflected in the waterfront in Shanghai, China.

March 31, 2021

Democracy
COVID-19 and Its Effect on Inequality and Democracy

Beyond devastating public health, COVID-19 has worsened socioeconomic inequality, possibly for years to come, and exacerbated democratic regression in the United States, Brazil, India, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro arrives at Alvorada Palace in Brasilia, Brazil, on April 20, 2020, amid the COVID-19 outbreak.

March 25, 2021

Middle East and North Africa
Major Power Rivalry in the Middle East

Great power competition is altering the prospects for managing conflicts in the Middle East. As policymakers rethink the United States’ role in the region, they should avoid the kind of strategic err…

The skyline of Dubai, United Arab Emirates, is seen from the desert.

March 8, 2021

Inequality
Transforming International Affairs Education to Address Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

Insufficient leadership, outdated curricula, and alienating school climates leave future foreign policy experts ill prepared to address the social forces contributing to fragility and unrest globally…

Protesters hold up placards as they “take a knee” in front of a police line at a Black Lives Matter demonstration outside the U.S. Embassy in London on June 7, 2020.

February 23, 2021

Space
The Outer Space Treaty

Outer space is growing more crowded and contested. Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan recommends regulating activities that disrupt, deny, or destroy space systems to ensure outer space is available to all…

A satellite with three extended solar panels passes over a cloudy ocean while orbiting Earth.

January 14, 2021

Conflict Prevention
Conflicts to Watch in 2021

In CFR’s annual Preventive Priorities Survey, U.S. foreign policy experts assess the likelihood and impact of thirty potential conflicts that could emerge or escalate in the coming year.

Dark silhouettes of soldiers walking in a line against a dark blue sky