The recent upheavals in the Middle East are challenging long-held assumptions about the dynamics between the United States, the Arab world, and Israel. In Pathways to Peace, today's leading experts explain these changes in the region and their positive implications for the prospect of a sustained peace between Israel and the Arab World.
In his chapter, "Integrating the Top-down with the Bottom-up Approach to Israeli-Palestinian Peace," CFR Eni Enrico Mattei senior fellow Robert Danin analyzes the "bottom-up" approach to peacemaking, focusing on Palestinian state-building and institution-building. Danin suggests that rather than concentrate exclusively on negotiations, future American peacemaking must integrate "top-down" diplomacy with "bottom-up" support to develop and enhance the economic, security, and governing institutions of a Palestinian state. He notes the integral, mutually reinforcing connection between ground-up and top-down approaches to the peace process—one cannot succeed without the other.