One-Year Anniversary: Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine

One-Year Anniversary: Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine

February 22, 2023 11:08 am (EST)

News Releases

As the war in Ukraine nears its one-year anniversary, the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) offers background and analysis and Foreign Affairs has curated a special package on the continuing conflict.

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Conflict Background

Ukraine: Conflict at the Crossroads of Europe and Russia

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The War in Ukraine


Ukraine is at the forefront of a renewed great-power rivalry between the West and Russia, setting a dangerous precedent that will influence international relations for decades. Get the background 

Support for Ukraine

How Much Aid Has the U.S. Sent Ukraine?

Ukraine was the top U.S. foreign aid recipient in 2022—the first time a European country has held the spot since the Marshall Plan at the end of World War II. Six graphics illustrate the extraordinary level of support  

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How Countries Have Kept Up Domestic Support for the War in Ukraine

“Governments most directly affected by Russia’s war on Ukraine all worry about sustaining domestic support for their policies. One year in, however, they have managed this problem with surprising success,” states CFR’s Stephen Sestanovich. Read the analysis  

Looking Ahead

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The War in Ukraine


If Russia Goes Nuclear: Three Scenarios for the Ukraine War 

“The odds remain slim, but an increasingly desperate Vladimir Putin could use Russia’s nuclear arsenal to turn its fortunes in the Ukraine war,” warns CFR’s J. Andrés Gannon. Read the analysis

Ukraine Could Become An EU Member. What Would That Mean?

“Ukraine’s first steps toward eventual EU membership are the start of a long process that has raised the stakes in the country’s war with Russia,” states CFR’s Matthias Matthijs. Get the expert take

It’s Time to Bring Russia and Ukraine to the Negotiating Table

“Sooner rather than later, the West needs to move Ukraine and Russia from the battlefield to the negotiating table, brokering a diplomatic effort to shut the war down and arrive at a territorial settlement,” argues CFR’s Charles Kupchan. Read the opinion

Putin’s Last Stand

After months of setbacks, it appears Russia is “headed for defeat.” In the event of Russia’s loss, CFR’s Liana Fix and co-author Michael Kimmage explain that “three basic scenarios exist and each one would have different ramifications for policymakers in the West and Ukraine.” Read more in Foreign Affairs

Ukraine Has Held Off Russia’s Invasion—So Far. Here’s How.

Ukraine has withstood and repelled the mighty Russian military through Western support, Russian blundering, and its own resourcefulness— although CFR’s Thomas Graham warns the circumstances could be changing. Read the analysis. 

Event Replay

A Conversation With Petro Poroshenko

Former President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko discusses Ukraine’s relations with Russia, democratic reforms in Ukraine, and U.S. and European Union policy toward the war. Watch the event  

The War in Ukraine, One Year On

While the war in Ukraine rages on, Stephen Sestanovich, Liana Fix, and Charles Kupchan join Heidi Crebo-Rediker to discuss what happened in the past year, the challenges ahead, and what they all mean for the future of international relations. Listen to the Twitter Space

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The War in Ukraine


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