America finds itself in an acute predicament: The international order it has helped construct over many decades is under increasing stress from various quarters. As the world’s predominant military power and principal guarantor of global peace and security, the United States must fulfill its many responsibilities without becoming entangled in costly conflicts that threaten its security, deplete its national power, and weaken its international standing. In Preventive Engagement, General John W. Vessey Senior Fellow for Conflict Prevention and Director of the Center for Preventive Action Paul B. Stares proposes a long-term strategy for how the United States can manage the risks of a more turbulent world in a way that lessens the demand for––and potential drain on––U.S. power. Its novel approach adapts the basic techniques used to prevent many societal problems, such as infectious diseases, violent crime, and drug trafficking.
Preventive engagement has three complementary components: the promotion of policies known to lower the risk of violent conflict and political instability; the anticipation of crises most likely to precipitate major U.S. military engagement; and a concerted effort to mitigate if not resolve conflicts that erupt in the short term before escalating into a threat to U.S. interests. This comprehensive approach stresses early detection and foresight to actively manage sources of conflict. Using examples from Syria, Ukraine, and the South China Sea, Preventive Engagement shows its strategy in practice and illuminates the role that international actors—including nongovernmental organizations, the United Nations, regional organizations, and private businesses—can play to further U.S. preventive goals.
A Council on Foreign Relations Book