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January 20, 1995

Americas
Non-Lethal Technologies

The U.S. approach to international conflicts in the post-Cold War period—how we think about them and what actions we take—is enormously affected by America's capabilities to quell them by diplomatic,…

January 1, 1995

Treaties and Agreements
Nuclear Proliferation

The international community stands at a historic crossroads. In less than three months, delegations from around the world will convene in New York City to decide whether to renew the nuclear Nonproli…

January 1, 1996

Intelligence
Making Intelligence Smarter

The need for intelligence, and for a capability within the U.S. government to collect, produce, and disseminate it, remains critical. The end of the Cold War will not usher in an age of peace and sec…

January 18, 1995

Security Alliances
Should NATO Expand?

Americans and Europeans can fairly debate whether NATO should expand in the near term or proceed with formal expansion only if Russia again seems to pose a military threat to Central Europe. But whic…

July 1, 1997

Palestinian Territories
U.S. Middle East Policy and the Peace Process

The collapse of confidence between Israelis and Palestinians over the past year and the ability of opponents of peace on both sides to exploit incremental measures to their advantage have brought the…

February 1, 1998

Trade
Promoting U.S. Economic Relations with Africa

In 1997, Washington paid unprecedented attention to Africa and its continental rebirth. Both then-First Lady Hillary Clinton and then-Secretary of State Madeleine Albright toured the continent. Presi…

September 16, 1998

Asia
Testimony by Adam Schwarz before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee

Thank you, Mr. Chairman, for inviting me to speak today at the hearing on current developments in Indonesia. I am the Edward R. Murrow Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, specializing in Sou…

March 26, 1999

Afghanistan
Testimony on the Situation in Afghanistan Before the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

Recent Events and Political Actors in AfghanistanFor policy recommendations, see text of oral testimony1. INTRODUCTION: SUMMARY OVERVIEW1On August 8, 1998, the Taliban (Islamic student) movement of A…

December 1, 1997

United States
U.S. Foreign Policy After the Cold War

The cold war came to a grinding halt during the astounding developments of 1989-1991.The Berlin Wall fell, Eastern European countries freed themselves from Soviet domination, and the Soviet Union its…

January 1, 1998

Conflict Prevention
Cases and Strategies for Preventive Action

Read an excerpt of Cases and Strategies for Preventive Action. In 1996, there were violent intrastate conflicts in ninety countries around the world. Governments, international organizations, nong…