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January 13, 2021

Radicalization and Extremism
From Separatism to Salafism: Militancy on the Swahili Coast

Nolan Quinn is a research associate for the Council on Foreign Relations’ Africa Program. The revelation that a Kenyan member of al-Shabab was charged with planning a 9/11-style attack on the Unit…

A group of Muslim youth are seen protesting the killing of a radical Kenyan imam, Aboud Rogo Mohammed. Several are wearing Islamic dress while others are wearing everyday clothing.

February 12, 2021

Transnational Crime
Nigeria's Enduring "Gold Wars"

Conflicts in northwest Nigeria over access to minerals—especially gold—are heating up. Illicit mining also causes environmental damage, thus exacerbating land and water shortages that cause further conflict.

A man standing in a small pool of water is using a plastic sheet with holes to filter gold dust.

January 15, 2021

Democracy
Dear America: The Rest of The World is Watching

On January 6, a large group of rioters stormed the U.S. Capitol building in an attempt to unconstitutionally obstruct the certification of Joe Biden’s Electoral College victory. The events could prove detrimental for democracy in the developing world.

The Capitol is seen behind a fence and a sign that reads "AREA CLOSED By order of the United States Capitol Police Board,", in Washington, D.C. on January 15, 2021.

November 23, 2020

Mozambique
The Military-First Approach in Northern Mozambique is Bound to Fail

Nolan Quinn is a research associate for the Council on Foreign Relations’ Africa Program. On October 14, the Islamist insurgency focused in northern Mozambique spilled over into Tanzania, with an …

An image of burned out huts in Chitolo village in northern Mozambique, which was attacked as part of an Islamist insurgency active in the area.

March 18, 2021

Heads of State and Government
John Magufuli, Tanzania’s COVID-Denying President, Dies

Vice President Samia Suluhu, announcing President John Magufuli’s death yesterday, said the president died from a heart condition, and that he had been treated at two different hospitals in Dar es Salaam.

A copy of the Tanzanian newspaper "The Citizen," with the headline "Nation mourns," shows a picture of recently deceased President John Magufuli after his death was announced yesterday. In the bottom left, a picture of soon-to-be-president Samia Suluhu.

January 6, 2021

Coronavirus
Vaccine Diplomacy: China and SinoPharm in Africa

On December 3, John Nkengasong, director, Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC), announced a 60 percent vaccination target—one estimate of the level needed to achieve herd immunity from COVID-19—in Africa’s fifty-four countries.

A presentation of a vaccine under development by SinoPharm, a Chinese company, that is to be used to provide immunity against COVID-19

December 16, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria's Unitary Federalism

In May 1966, General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, Nigeria’s first Military Head of State—also known as Johnny Ironside for his exploits in a peacekeeping mission in the Congo—promulgated the infamous Decree No. 34 of 1966, the “unification decree.”

A group of Nigerian lawyers are seen sitting in chairs awaiting a trial. Several are wearing wigs that resemble those used during the British colonial period.

December 10, 2020

Pharmaceuticals and Vaccines
Russian Disinformation Popularizes Sputnik V Vaccine in Africa

In Africa, perceptions of Russia’s flagship vaccine, Sputnik V, are largely positive, despite it having not undergone the rigorous clinical trials that other vaccines have.

A South African man wearing a mask receiving an experimental COVID-19 vaccine.

December 4, 2020

Nigeria
Delegitimizing Armed Agitations in the Niger Delta

Militant groups under the platform of MEND unleashed coordinated attacks on Nigeria’s oil and gas infrastructure from 2006 to 2009. The pace of attacks fell after President Umaru Yar’Adua established an Amnesty Program that ostensibly included disarmament

A man is seen walking by a massive flame, the result of gas flaring in the Niger Delta.

November 19, 2020

Nigeria
Nigerian Security Forces and the Dangers of a Violence-First Approach

On October 20, 2020, Nigerians watched in horror on social media as men suspected to be members of the military opened fire on peaceful #EndSARS protesters—a movement responding to a litany of abuses by the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS).

A pair of military officers are seen walking towards a group of young men on the street in Nigeria. One man has both arms raised.