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May 12, 2020

Chad
After Lake Chad Offensive, April One of Deadliest Months in Boko Haram Conflict

April is now one of the deadliest months in nearly a decade of the Boko Haram conflict, according to data from the Nigeria Security Tracker, which now features geographic data from Niger, Chad, and Cameroon.

A Chadian soldier shields his face from dust kicked up by a helicopter in the recently retaken town of Damasak, Nigeria, March 18, 2015.

May 22, 2020

Coronavirus
Scaling Up African Pharmaceutical Manufacturing in a Time of COVID-19

Africa is vulnerable to disruptions in global supply chains caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly with respect to pharmaceuticals, because between 70 and 90 percent are imported. But it has underutilized capacity to make up the difference.

Michael Otieno, a pharmacist, smiles as he marks with a pen a bottle of anti-retroviral (ARV) drugs at the Mater Hospital in Kenya's capital Nairobi, on September 10, 2015. He is wearing a white doctor's coat and is framed by a wooden booth.

May 21, 2020

Coronavirus
Limiting the COVID-19 Food Crisis in Africa Begins With Local Farmers

The COVID-19 pandemic poses challenges for African agriculture. Farming is the dominant way people in sub-Saharan Africa earn their living and feed their families. Government restrictions on movement could threaten food security if not done properly.

Farmer Leticia Kangwa uses a hand washing station she installed outside her home after learning about how to prevent the spread of COVID-19, in April 2020, in Zambia.

May 20, 2020

Mozambique
Preventing the Next Boko Haram in Northern Mozambique

The conflict broke out in Cabo Delgado province in the fall of 2017, and resulted in more than 1,000 deaths and forced 100,000 people to flee their homes. The group is Ahlu Sunnah Wa-Jamo (ASWJ), aka al-Shabab, with links to the Islamic State.

President Filipe Nyusi of Mozambique stands in a dark suit with a blue tie and white shirt as he is sworn in for his second term as president. Behind him, a military officer in ceremonial dress salutes him with a white-gloved hand.

May 15, 2020

Malawi
Averting a COVID-19 Disaster in Malawi and Building Back Better

One of the poorest countries in Africa, Malawi is vulnerable to the COVID-19 pandemic. It has a high population density, many have underlying health conditions, and a weak a public health system. The pandemic will also exacerbate Malawi's food insecurity.

A woman bends over as she plants sweet potatoes in rows in a small plot of cleared dirt. About half the patch as been planted so far. In the distance are green fields dotted with small trees with mostly round crowns. The sky is blue with white, puffy clouds. The horizon curves.

May 14, 2020

Ethiopia
AU Leadership Absent From Egypt and Ethiopia Dam Dispute

After years of negotiations, Egypt has written to the UN Security Council about what it considers to be Ethiopia's failure to reach an agreement over the filling and operations of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).

Ethiopia's Grand Renaissance Dam undergoes construction work on the River Nile. The far side of the dam run up against a hewn rockface that rises above the height of the dam. In the distance, a grassy, forested mountain is seen against a dark blue sky.

April 9, 2020

Health Policy and Initiatives
Now a Destination for Illicit Drugs, African States Need a New Approach

On March 20, Ghana's parliament passed the Narcotics Control Commission (NCC) bill in response to the dramatic growth in domestic drug consumption. The NCC treats illicit drug use as a public health crisis rather than strictly a law enforcement issue by decriminalizing certain narcotics and prioritizing treatment and rehabilitation for drug addicts. This is an important shift in Africa’s approach to combating the trade and use of illicit drugs.

A hand passes a plastic cup of a dose of methadone through a barred window to the hand of a recovering drug addict at a Medication Assisted Therapy clinic run by Doctors Without Borders (MSF) at Karuri Level 4 hospital in Kiambu, Kenya, on October 3, 2019.

April 23, 2020

Rwanda
Why Rwanda Needs to Prepare Now for Kagame’s Promised Departure in 2024

This April marks the twenty-six-year anniversary of the Rwandan genocide and twenty years since Paul Kagame took the reins as president. For much of that time, Kagame imposed limits on the political process, democratic debate, and opposition figures. He justified these limits by saying that the country was too fragile, the wounds too fresh, and the competitive aspects of democracy too divisive for a country emerging out of a genocide. But when does that grace period end?

President Paul Kagame and First Lady Jeanette Kagame light the Rwandan genocide flame of hope, known as the "Kwibuka" (Remembering), to commemorate the 1994 Genocide at the Kigali Genocide Memorial Center in Kigali, Rwanda, on April 7, 2020. They are flanked by greener as they both old a long and lit torch that lights the memorial.

April 15, 2020

China
Despite New China-Africa Tension, Beijing Has a Pivotal Role to Play in Africa's COVID-19 Recovery

Beyond expressing legitimate concerns about the treatment of Africans in Guangzhou, U.S. officials would be wrong to add sow further discord between China and its African partners. It benefits no one. China must be a partner to international financial organizations in their aid to Africa, financing loans, suspending debt payments, and providing stimulus.

Femi Gbajabiamila, speaker of the Nigerian House of Representatives, meets with Zhou Pingjian, the Chinese ambassador to Nigeria, to discuss the mistreatment of Africans in China, on April 20, Abuja, Nigeria. Both speakers where masks and sit apart from each other, Ambassador Zhou in a blue suit with a teal max, on an armchair, and Speaker Gbajamiamila in grey with a white mask on the opposite side of a couch in the speaker's very green office.

April 10, 2020

Nigeria
Case Not Quite Closed on the Assassination of Nigerian Salafi Scholar Shaikh Jaafar Adam

While at prayer on April 13, 2007, the prominent Salafi scholar, Shaikh Jaafar Mahmud Adam, was assassinated at his mosque in Kano. At the time, the murder made a deep impression on mainstream Muslims, many of whom revered Adam. The murder took place in the final days before the 2007 presidential elections, and many observers, including those at the U.S. embassy, thought that the murder was somehow related. But it now seems more likely that Adam was assassinated by a vengeful former member of the Nigerian Taliban. His murder was an early manifestation of the deadly battles among Boko Haram’s competing factions that continue up to the present.

A man cycles past the Al Ansar mosque in Maiduguri. Four red and white minarets are visible around a green dome topped with gold. Person-sized arches line the one-story building around the dome and minarets.