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February 12, 2021

Transnational Crime
Nigeria's Enduring "Gold Wars"

Conflicts in northwest Nigeria over access to minerals—especially gold—are heating up. Illicit mining also causes environmental damage, thus exacerbating land and water shortages that cause further conflict.

A man standing in a small pool of water is using a plastic sheet with holes to filter gold dust.

January 6, 2021

Coronavirus
Vaccine Diplomacy: China and SinoPharm in Africa

On December 3, John Nkengasong, director, Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC), announced a 60 percent vaccination target—one estimate of the level needed to achieve herd immunity from COVID-19—in Africa’s fifty-four countries.

A presentation of a vaccine under development by SinoPharm, a Chinese company, that is to be used to provide immunity against COVID-19

February 25, 2021

Aging, Youth Bulges, and Population
Nigeria's Vice President Speaks Plainly on Population and Food

Nigeria's vice president, Yemi Osinbajo, addressed on February 23 a UN Food Systems Summit organized by the Nigerian government in Abuja, the national capital. He was blunt about the link between population growth and food insecurity.

A crowded market in Lagos, Nigeria's largest city.

November 23, 2020

Mozambique
The Military-First Approach in Northern Mozambique is Bound to Fail

Nolan Quinn is a research associate for the Council on Foreign Relations’ Africa Program. On October 14, the Islamist insurgency focused in northern Mozambique spilled over into Tanzania, with an …

An image of burned out huts in Chitolo village in northern Mozambique, which was attacked as part of an Islamist insurgency active in the area.

February 24, 2021

Democratic Republic of Congo
The Democratic Republic of Congo is Back on the Front Page

The killing of the Italian ambassador to the DRC and the lifting of U.S. Treasury sanctions against an Israeli businessman in the final hours of the Trump administration has again focused international attention on the interlocking crises in the DRC.

Four UN vehicles are seen parked on a dirt road, protected by armed UN soldiers, in eastern DRC. Two motorcycles are also seen driving on the road, going in opposite directions.

February 22, 2021

Boko Haram
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: February 13–19

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from February 13 to February 19, 2021.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink. Regions of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger that have experienced Boko Haram-related violence are also shaded.

January 13, 2021

Radicalization and Extremism
From Separatism to Salafism: Militancy on the Swahili Coast

Nolan Quinn is a research associate for the Council on Foreign Relations’ Africa Program. The revelation that a Kenyan member of al-Shabab was charged with planning a 9/11-style attack on the Unit…

A group of Muslim youth are seen protesting the killing of a radical Kenyan imam, Aboud Rogo Mohammed. Several are wearing Islamic dress while others are wearing everyday clothing.

February 24, 2021

Middle East and North Africa
Academic Webinar: Should We Stay or Should We Go? America's Role in the Middle East

F. Gregory Gause III, department head and professor of international affairs and John H. Lindsey ’44 Chair at Texas A&M University’s Bush School of Government and Public Service, leads a conversation…

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February 23, 2021

Sub-Saharan Africa
U.S. Policy Toward Africa, with Landry Signé

Landry Signé, senior fellow in the Global Economy and Development Program and the Africa Growth Initiative at the Brookings Institution, sits down with James M. Lindsay to discuss U.S. interests in A…

Podcast A street vendor sells regalia depicting South African President Cyril Ramaphosa outside the venue for the African National Congress (ANC) 107th anniversary celebrations at the Moses Mabhida Stadium in Durban on January 12, 2019.

February 24, 2021

Japan
How Japan Is Upgrading Its Military

Prime Minister Suga will keep working to upgrade Japan’s military amid increasing pressures from China, North Korea, and Russia.