About the Expert
Ian Johnson is Stephen A. Schwarzman senior fellow for China studies at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). An expert on Chinese politics, society, and religion, he is the author of The Souls of China: The Return of Religion After Mao, Wild Grass: Three Stories of Change in Modern China, and A Mosque in Munich: Nazis, the CIA, and the Rise of the Muslim Brotherhood in the West. Johnson is a contributor to the CFR blog Asia Unbound and a frequent contributor to media outlets in the United States. He is currently writing a book about how history is used to legitimize and challenge Communist Party rule in China and closely follows China's efforts to bolster its soft power around the globe.
Johnson joined CFR in 2021 after a long career in journalism, during which he won a Pulitzer Prize for his coverage of China. He first went to China as a student in Beijing from 1984 to 1985 and then studied in Taipei from 1986 to 1988. He later worked as a newspaper correspondent in China, from 1994 to 1996 with Baltimore's the Sun and from 1997 to 2001 with the Wall Street Journal, where he covered macroeconomics, China's World Trade Organization accession, and social issues.
In 2009, Johnson returned to China, living there until 2020 as a writer for the New York Times, the New York Review of Books, and other publications. He taught undergraduates at the Beijing Center for Chinese Studies, and has served as an advisor to academic journals, such as the Journal of Asian Studies. He is currently pursuing a PhD at the Leipzig University on Chinese religious associations.
Johnson has worked in Germany twice. From 1988 to 1992 he attended graduate school in West Berlin and covered the fall of the Berlin Wall and German unification. In 2001 he moved back to Berlin, working until 2009 as the Wall Street Journal's Germany bureau chief and senior writer. He managed reporters covering European Union fiscal policy and macroeconomics and wrote about social issues such as Islamist terrorism.
Johnson has also won two awards from the Overseas Press Club, an award from the Society of Professional Journalists, and Stanford University's Shorenstein Journalism Award for his body of work covering Asia. In 2019 he won the American Academy of Religion's "best in-depth newswriting" award.
Beginning in 2006, Johnson spent a year as a Nieman fellow at Harvard University and later received research and writing grants from the Open Society Foundation, the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, and the Alicia Patterson Foundation. In 2020, he was an inaugural grantee of the Robert B. Silvers Foundation for work-in-progress grant. He was also awarded a 2020-2021 National Endowment for the Humanities Public Scholars fellowship for a new book he is writing on China's unofficial history.
Johnson has published three books and contributed chapters to four others. His newest book, The Souls of China, describes China's religious revival and its implications for politics and society. His other books are on civil society and grassroots protest in China (Wild Grass, 2004) and Islamism and the Cold War in Europe (A Mosque in Munich, 2010). He has also contributed chapters to: My First Trip to China (2011), Chinese Characters (2012), the Oxford Illustrated History of Modern China (2016), and Forbidden City: The Palace at the Heart of Chinese Culture (2021).
Xi Jinping used the annual legislative session to lock in his tenure as president and reinforce China’s assertive foreign policy and the reemergence of its economy.
China’s political system is complicated, and there’s a lot of contradictory information out there. Is China a communist country? Is it democratic, as its own government insists? And what does “freedom” mean to Chinese citizens? Ian Johnson, CFR’s senior fellow for China studies, answers these questions and more.
At the Chinese Communist Party meeting, leader Xi Jinping will likely receive a third term. Here’s what that could mean for his control of China and the party.
The Biden administration’s freshly announced China strategy offers a welcome change in tone but few new policies.
China is one of Russia’s closest partners, but supporting the invasion of Ukraine would seriously damage Beijing’s ties with wealthy democracies and alienate Chinese citizens who oppose the invasion.
China will be even more self-confident now that Xi’s hold on power was confirmed during the Chinese Communist Party’s plenum.
China could become a crucial supporter of Taliban-led Afghanistan, building Beijing’s influence in South and Central Asia as long as the regime in Kabul does not export extremism.