About the Expert

Expert Bio

Justin Muzinich is a distinguished fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations. He served as the U.S. deputy secretary of the treasury from 2018 to 2021, with broad responsibility for U.S. economic policy. While deputy secretary, Justin was also responsible for the roles of undersecretary for terrorism and financial intelligence and undersecretary for domestic finance, managing the divisions of Treasury that oversee national security policy, financial policy, and the financing of the U.S. government. Justin played a leading role in the economic response to COVID-19 and represented the United States at Group of Seven (G7), Group of Twenty (G20), and Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) meetings. His national security responsibilities included the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) and a wide range of National Security Council matters. From 2017 to 2018, Justin served as counselor to the secretary of the treasury and helped lead the effort to reform the U.S. tax code. From 2015 to 2016, he was policy director for Jeb Bush's (R-FL) presidential campaign.

Before entering public service, Justin served as president of Muzinich & Co. and taught at Columbia Business School. Justin began his career in the mergers and acquisitions group at Morgan Stanley. He earned his AB from Harvard College with Phi Beta Kappa honors, his JD from Yale Law School, where he was an Olin Fellow, and his MBA from Harvard Business School, where he was a Baker Scholar. He is the CEO of Muzinich & Co, a senior fellow at Harvard Kennedy School, and board member of New York Presbyterian Hospital.

Top Stories on CFR


Russia’s moves to mobilize thousands more troops and to annex more of Ukraine’s territory signal a new, potentially more dangerous phase of the war.

Puerto Rico

The Caribbean island, which shares a close yet fraught relationship with the rest of the United States, faces a multilayered economic and social crisis rooted in long-standing policy and compounded by natural disasters, the COVID-19 pandemic, migration, and government mismanagement.

Censorship and Freedom of Expression

Suzanne Nossel, the Chief Executive Officer of PEN America, sits down with James M. Lindsay to discuss growing threats around the world to free expression and how the fight to protect human rights needs to adapt to succeed in a world of great power competition.