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April 12, 2021

Southeast Asia
Myanmar Moves Toward Civil War, Failed State

In the initial days after the Myanmar armed forces launched a coup on February 1, deposing an elected government, the military may have hoped it would be able to pull off the putsch with minimal bloo…

A fire burns on the street during a protest against the military coup, in Mandalay, Myanmar on April 1, 2021.

April 8, 2021

Infrastructure
The State of U.S. Infrastructure

Amid an economic crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic, debate continues over how to improve the nation’s infrastructure, as analysts say U.S. transportation, water, and other systems face major …

Phase II construction on Metro’s Silver Line at Dulles International Airport continues.

April 8, 2021

Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Islamic State and al-Qaeda Linked to African Insurgencies

Violence attributed to Islamist groups has dramatically increased in sub-Saharan Africa over the past decade, and continues to infect new venues where it has been absent.

Two soldiers wearing camouflage stand in front of a building, the Kismayo International Airport, with an al Qaeda flag painted on it.

November 23, 2020

Mozambique
The Military-First Approach in Northern Mozambique is Bound to Fail

Nolan Quinn is a research associate for the Council on Foreign Relations’ Africa Program. On October 14, the Islamist insurgency focused in northern Mozambique spilled over into Tanzania, with an …

An image of burned out huts in Chitolo village in northern Mozambique, which was attacked as part of an Islamist insurgency active in the area.

April 7, 2021

Wars and Conflict
Guerillas, Warlords, and Militias Fight More Like State Armies, Warns Stephen Biddle

While nonstate fighters are expected to wage war with suicide vests, assassinations, and roadside bombs, this assumption “can lead to defense policy choices that leave Western states ill-prepared for…

April 14, 2021

Somalia
Somalia's Political Crisis Demands Sustained Attention

The lower house of Somalia’s parliament has voted to postpone national elections, which have already been delayed by months, by an additional two years, leaving themselves and President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, known as Farmaajo, in place in the interim

A picture of Somali lawmakers with their hands raised, and one with her left thumb up, as they sit in the lower house of parliament.

April 14, 2021

Women and Women's Rights
Women’s Power Index: Find Out Where Women Lead—and Why It Matters

New data from CFR’s Women’s Power Index shows that in countries such as the United States, Belgium, and Lithuania, more women are in power than ever before.

Council on Foreign Relations Women's Power Index

April 14, 2021

Southeast Asia
ASEAN’s Myanmar Crisis

With the situation in Myanmar disintegrating into chaos, and Myanmar possibly becoming a potential failed state, some regional powers, including the United States and Australia, have taken significan…

An anti-coup protester walks past burning tires after activists launched a "garbage strike" against the military rule, in Yangon, Myanmar on March 30, 2021.

April 14, 2021

Afghanistan
Biden’s 9/11 Withdrawal From Afghanistan: What to Know

A complete U.S. military withdrawal by September 11, 2021, could allow the Taliban to take over much of Afghanistan.

April 13, 2021

United States
Is Rising Student Debt Harming the U.S. Economy?

Higher education provides students many socioeconomic benefits and increases the global competitiveness of the United States, but mounting student loan debt has sparked a debate over federal lending …

Students attend their graduation ceremony at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA).