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October 22, 2020

Tanzania
Magufuli is Transforming Tanzania's Ruling Party From a “Benign Hegemon” Into a Malevolent One

​On October 28th, Tanzania will choose a president and members of the country’s National Assembly. This year, few observers expect a fair vote, given incumbent President John Magufuli and his government’s weaponization of the law.

Tanzanian President John Magufuli walks down a red carpet while observing a guard of honor in Nairobi, Kenya. The soldiers are wearing dark blue uniforms; some soldiers are holding swords raised.

November 15, 2019

Tanzania
Tanzania, Where Magufuli Is Waging a War on Democracy

During the four year tenure of President Magufuli, the country has move toward full-on authoritarianism. On November 7, a Magistrates Court in Tanzania postponed for the seventh time the case of journalist Erick Kabendera, who has voiced criticism of the country’s president, John Pombe Magufuli. After initially being violently abducted from his home and later investigated over his citizenship status, Mr. Kabendera is now facing a host of economic charges, including “assisting an organized crime racket” and money laundering. 

Tanzanian investigative journalist Erick Kabendera arrives, flanked by security, at the Kisutu Residents Magistrate Court

February 12, 2021

Transnational Crime
Nigeria's Enduring "Gold Wars"

Conflicts in northwest Nigeria over access to minerals—especially gold—are heating up. Illicit mining also causes environmental damage, thus exacerbating land and water shortages that cause further conflict.

A man standing in a small pool of water is using a plastic sheet with holes to filter gold dust.

November 23, 2020

Mozambique
The Military-First Approach in Northern Mozambique is Bound to Fail

Nolan Quinn is a research associate for the Council on Foreign Relations’ Africa Program. On October 14, the Islamist insurgency focused in northern Mozambique spilled over into Tanzania, with an …

An image of burned out huts in Chitolo village in northern Mozambique, which was attacked as part of an Islamist insurgency active in the area.

February 25, 2021

Aging, Youth Bulges, and Population
Nigeria's Vice President Speaks Plainly on Population and Food

Nigeria's vice president, Yemi Osinbajo, addressed on February 23 a UN Food Systems Summit organized by the Nigerian government in Abuja, the national capital. He was blunt about the link between population growth and food insecurity.

A crowded market in Lagos, Nigeria's largest city.

February 10, 2021

Infectious Diseases
Ebola Resurfaces in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

Three months after health authorities from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) declared the country had brought to an end its eleventh outbreak of Ebola, the disease has killed the wife of a survivor in a hospital in Butembo, a large city.

Two men and one woman are seen wearing blue scrubs at an Ebola treatment center. The woman is holding a baby.

February 24, 2021

Democratic Republic of Congo
The Democratic Republic of Congo is Back on the Front Page

The killing of the Italian ambassador to the DRC and the lifting of U.S. Treasury sanctions against an Israeli businessman in the final hours of the Trump administration has again focused international attention on the interlocking crises in the DRC.

Four UN vehicles are seen parked on a dirt road, protected by armed UN soldiers, in eastern DRC. Two motorcycles are also seen driving on the road, going in opposite directions.

February 23, 2021

Coronavirus
Tanzania’s COVID Denialism Harms its Economic Future

Beyond the immediate, detrimental effects for Tanzanians’ health, President John Magufuli’s aggressive COVID denialism is likely to dent the country’s economic prospects.

Two women in Tanzania are seen wearing gloves, masks, and facial shields to protect against COVID-19. Both are also wearing colorful, patterned clothing.

February 22, 2021

Boko Haram
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: February 13–19

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from February 13 to February 19, 2021.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink. Regions of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger that have experienced Boko Haram-related violence are also shaded.

January 13, 2021

Radicalization and Extremism
From Separatism to Salafism: Militancy on the Swahili Coast

Nolan Quinn is a research associate for the Council on Foreign Relations’ Africa Program. The revelation that a Kenyan member of al-Shabab was charged with planning a 9/11-style attack on the Unit…

A group of Muslim youth are seen protesting the killing of a radical Kenyan imam, Aboud Rogo Mohammed. Several are wearing Islamic dress while others are wearing everyday clothing.