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October 5, 2021

International Organizations
The Role of the UN Secretary-General

The United Nations’ top leadership position has broad authority to steer the organization’s agenda, but its impact has varied widely since 1946.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres sits for a photograph at the UN headquarters in Manhattan.

September 17, 2021

Haiti
Haiti’s Troubled Path to Development

Hobbled by foreign interventions, political instability, and natural disasters, the former French colony has long suffered from underdevelopment.

Two men overlook Port-au-Prince in the wake of the 7.0-magnitude earthquake of 2010.

January 15, 2021

United States
A Unique Military Force: The U.S. National Guard

The National Guard is a special part of the U.S. military that answers to both state governors and the president. In some instances, how leaders have used the Guard has generated controversy, particu…

Members of the Connecticut National Guard survey flooded areas in Florida from a helicopter as part of the response to Hurricane Irma.

September 10, 2021

Health
What Is the FDA’s Role in Public Health?

The U.S. health agency regulates the country’s foods and drugs, among other products. The COVID-19 pandemic and controversy over vaccines and treatments have highlighted the FDA’s role.

An FDA worker tests a medical device using a water bath.

August 23, 2012

United States
National Conventions and U.S. Foreign Policy

U.S. presidential nominating conventions often touch on national security and foreign policy, but don’t always signal the direction of a winning candidate’s policy, explains this Backgrounder.

March 8, 2007

Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Rail Security and the Terrorist Threat

Backgrounder: Experts say more should be done to reduce risk on both passenger and freight rail.

October 25, 2006

United States
Flynn: Homeland Security ’Report Card’

To mark its fifth anniversary, Stephen E. Flynn, CFR’s leading national security expert, evaluates the general performance of the Office of Homeland Security.

March 2, 2006

Pakistan
Pakistan’s Security Situation

As President Bush heads to Pakistan, security in the Islamic nation is a primary issue. Under President Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan has made strides to curb extremism and reform Islamic education. But…

March 2, 2017

United States
U.S. Foreign Policy Powers: Congress and the President

The separation of powers has spawned a great deal of debate over the roles of the president and Congress in foreign affairs, as well as over the limits on their respective authorities, explains this …

Separation_Powers_Foreign_Policy.jpg

March 31, 2020

Monetary Policy
What Is the U.S. Federal Reserve?

Over the past decade, the Fed has deployed trillions of dollars in stimulus while expanding its regulatory oversight. Under the Trump administration, the central bank is back on the front lines to fi…

Federal Reserve