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General Views of Globalization and International Trade
Americans clearly support globalization, though they also lean toward the position that the pace of globalization is too fast. Americans generally view international trade as positive for the United States, themselves, their families, consumers, and the nation’s companies; however views are more negative about the impact of international trade on jobs and the environment. Download full chapter (PDF).
International Regulation of Financial Institutions
A clear majority of Americans favor the idea of having a new international institution to monitor global financial markets. At the same time, a modest majority of Americans worries that a global regulating body might interfere with the U.S. economy and make it less productive. A modest majority of Americans also resists the idea of international regulation of U.S. banks. Download full chapter (PDF).
Including Labor and Environmental Standards in Trade Agreements
Consistent with concerns about the impact of international trade on jobs and the environment, an overwhelming majority of Americans support including labor and environmental standards in trade agreements. Download full chapter (PDF).
Assessments of Countries’ Fairness in Trade
Americans perceive rich countries as not playing fair in trade negotiations with poor countries. Download full chapter (PDF).
Regional Trade Relations
Americans generally place a high priority on economic relations with Pacific Rim nations, though they only favor creating a free trade agreement with one East Asian nation: Japan. Most Americans favor a new initiative to enhance transatlantic trade and investment ties. Download full chapter (PDF).
The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF)
In general, Americans express a positive view of the influence of international financial institutions, including the World Bank and the IMF. While both get mildly positive ratings, the World Bank is more popular than the IMF. Download full chapter (PDF).
The World Trade Organization (WTO)
The WTO has a positive image among Americans and there is support for strengthening it. Respondents in the United States, as in most other nations, say that their government should comply with adverse WTO decisions. Download full chapter (PDF).
Americans lean slightly to the view that global corporations have a positive influence in the world and on U.S. society. Download full chapter (PDF).
A large majority of Americans endorses foreigners investing in U.S. companies and projects. However, large majorities also have a negative view of foreigners buying U.S. companies, and express concern that sovereign wealth funds investing in U.S. companies may give them too much control. Download full chapter (PDF).
Trade and Poverty Reduction
While majorities of the public in most developed and developing countries believe that, to reduce poverty, rich countries should allow more imports from developing countries, Americans disagree. Download full chapter (PDF).