About the Expert
David J. Scheffer is visiting senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), with a focus on international law and international criminal justice. Scheffer is also the Tom A. Bernstein Genocide Prevention Fellow working with the Ferencz International Justice Initiative at the Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide, U.S. Memorial Holocaust Museum, as well as the Mayer Brown/Robert A. Helman Professor of Law at Northwestern University Pritzker School of Law in Chicago where he teaches international criminal law and international human rights law. From 2012 to 2018 he was the U.N. Secretary-General’s Special Expert on U.N. Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials.
During the second term of the Clinton Administration (1997-2001), Scheffer was the first ever U.S. Ambassador at Large for War Crimes Issues and led the U.S. delegation to the U.N. talks establishing the International Criminal Court (ICC). He signed the Rome Statute of the ICC on behalf of the United States on December 31, 2000. He negotiated the creation of five war crimes tribunals: the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, the Special Court for Sierra Leone, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, and the ICC. He chaired the Atrocities Prevention Inter-Agency Working Group (1998-2001). During the first term of the Clinton Administration (1993-1997), Scheffer served as senior advisor and counsel to the U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Dr. Madeleine Albright, and he served on the Deputies Committee of the National Security Council.
Scheffer worked on the staff of the House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs (1987 to 1989) and as an analyst at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (1989 to 1993) and the U.S. Institute of Peace (2001 to 2002). He was a CFR International Affairs Fellow in 1986 to 1987. Scheffer was senior vice president of the United Nations Association of the United States from 2002 to 2003. His academic positions include visiting professorships at Georgetown University Law Center, George Washington University Law School, and Northwestern University Law School. He has held an endowed professorship at Northwestern Law since 2006 and was director of the Center for International Human Rights there from 2006 to 2019. He was an associate attorney with the international law firm of Coudert Brothers from 1979 to 1986.
Scheffer received the Berlin Prize in 2013 and was in residence at the American Academy of Berlin during the fall of 2013. He received the Champion of Justice Award of the Center for Justice and Accountability in 2018. Foreign Policy magazine selected him as a “Top Global Thinker of 2011.” Among his more recent publications are the award-winning All the Missing Souls: A Personal History of the War Crimes Tribunals (Princeton, 2012), and The Sit Room: In the Theater of War and Peace (Oxford, 2019). For decades he has been publishing widely about international law and politics in law reviews, political journals, and on op-ed pages. He was the CNN International commentator for the Saddam Hussein trial and appears frequently in the media.
Scheffer earned degrees from Harvard College, Oxford University (where he was a Knox Fellow), and Georgetown University Law Center. He is a member of the New York, District of Columbia, and Supreme Court bars. He is a native of Norman, Oklahoma.
The ICC appeals chamber’s decision to move ahead on an investigation of grave abuses by combatants in Afghanistan, including U.S. forces, marks an unprecedented move that is likely to arouse intensive pushback from Washington.
The International Court of Justice issued an important decision aimed at protecting Myanmar’s persecuted Rohingya minority, but its impact is unclear.