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September 13, 2021

Southeast Asia
Podcast: Mandira Bagwandeen on China’s Belt and Road Initiative in Sub-Saharan Africa

As China’s Belt and Road Initiative has grown and adapted over the past decade, it often has made Africa the biggest target of its infrastructure projects and other BRI activities.

Man and woman stand on railway platform in Nairobi, pointing towards the front of a stationary train.

August 24, 2021

China
Why Major Belt and Road Investments Are Not Coming to Afghanistan

China is unlikely to prioritize Afghanistan for Belt and Road investment.

Afghan security personnel keep watch at a road construction site, which is being built by a Chinese company, in Khogyani district of Nangarhar Province on November 19, 2015.

July 6, 2021

China
Who Built That? Labor and the Belt and Road Initiative

Highlighting the Belt and Road Initiative’s problematic labor practices, and pressing China to tighten regulations further, is an important step toward improving the human outcomes associated with BR…

Construction workers law concrete blocks for drainage near the new standard gauge railway line near Voi town, Kenya on March 16, 2016.

March 31, 2021

Climate Change
The Climate Challenge and China's Belt and Road Initiative

BRI's fossil fuel investments will make combatting climate change more difficult. The U.S. needs to offer developing nations an alternative means of acquiring clean energy.

Steam rises at sunrise from six large smokestacks on the horizon at the Lethabo Power Station, a coal-fired power station near Sasolburg, South Africa on March 2, 2016.

March 24, 2021

China
Countries in China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Who’s In And Who’s Out

Jennifer Hillman and David Sacks are codirectors of the CFR-sponsored Independent Task Force report on a U.S. Response to China’s Belt and Road Initiative, which is co-chaired by Jacob J. Lew and Gar…

Workers from China Railway No.2 Engineering Group pose for a group photo after welding the first seamless rails for the China-Laos railway in the northern suburb of Vientiane, Laos, on June 18, 2020.

April 7, 2021

China
China’s Belt and Road Initiative Should Be on the World Bank and IMF’s Agenda

The Spring Meetings should address BRI’s pitfalls and advance policies to help put BRI countries on the path toward recovery and sustainable growth.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) headquarters building is seen ahead of the IMF/World Bank spring meetings in Washington, U.S. on April 8, 2019.

March 23, 2021

Asia
How Should the United States Compete With China’s Belt and Road Initiative?

As the United States embarks on an era of great power competition with China, it is incumbent on U.S. policymakers to better understand BRI and the strategic and political implications of the initiat…

A container ship is pictured docked at the Colombo South Harbor, funded by China, in Sri Lanka on June 25, 2016.

September 21, 2021

China
Europe’s Global Gateway Plans To Counter China, But Questions Remain

Europe is responding to China's Belt and Road Initiative, but it is unclear whether its alternative can succeed.

View of Piraeus Port in Greece shows cargo containers and the ocean behind.

April 1, 2021

Competitiveness
Competing with China: Lessons From the Belt and Road

To compete with China's Belt and Road, the U.S. should focus on R&D, immigration, technology, and trade.

Production operator Sammy Blanco monitors multi colored lights atop automated machines at the SolarWorld solar panel factory in Hillsboro, Oregon, U.S.

June 15, 2021

Southeast Asia
Irresistible Inducement? Assessing China’s Belt and Road Initiative in Southeast Asia

Cheng-Chwee Kuik is associate professor and head of the Center for Asian Studies at the National University of Malaysia. Southeast Asia occupies a central place on the map of China’s Belt and Roa…

Leaders pose for a family photo at the ASEAN-China Summit with Chinese Premier Li Keqiang on the sidelines of the 35th ASEAN Summit in Bangkok, Thailand, on November 3, 2019.